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pole 1

1. Either extremity of an axis through a sphere.
2. Either of the regions contiguous to the extremities of the earth's rotational axis, the North Pole or the South Pole.
3. Physics See magnetic pole.
4. Electricity Either of two oppositely charged terminals, as in an electric cell or battery.
5. Astronomy See celestial pole.
6. Biology
a. Either extremity of the main axis of a nucleus, cell, or organism.
b. Either end of the spindle formed in a cell during mitosis.
c. The point on a nerve cell where a process originates.
7. Either of two antithetical ideas, propensities, forces, or positions.
8. A fixed point of reference.
9. Mathematics
a. The origin in a polar coordinate system; the vertex of a polar angle.
b. A point in the complex plane at which a given function is not defined.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin polus, from Greek polos, axis, sky; see kwel- in Indo-European roots.]

pole 2

1. A long, relatively slender, generally rounded piece of wood or other material.
2. The long tapering wooden shaft extending up from the front axle of a vehicle to the collars of the animals drawing it; a tongue.
a. See rod.
b. A unit of area equal to a square rod.
4. Sports The inside position on the starting line of a racetrack: qualified in the time trials to start on the pole.
v. poled, pol·ing, poles
a. To propel with a pole: boatmen poling barges up a placid river.
b. To propel (oneself) or make (one's way) by the use of ski poles: "We ski through the glades on corn snow, then pole our way over a long one-hour runout to a road" (Frederick Selby).
2. To support (plants) with a pole.
3. To strike, poke, or stir with a pole.
1. To propel a boat or raft with a pole.
2. To use ski poles to maintain or gain speed.

[Middle English, from Old English pāl, from Latin pālus, stake; see pag- in Indo-European roots.]


1. A native or inhabitant of Poland.
2. A person of Polish ancestry.


  • sedan chair - An enclosed chair carried on poles.
  • oblate, prolate - Oblate means "flattened at the poles," and the opposite is prolate; the Earth is an oblate spheroid.
  • tent - Comes from a Latin word for "stretch," as early tents were made from cloth or skins stretched on poles.
  • running boards - Originally extended from bow to stern on canal boats—which men walked along, propelling the boats with poles.


1. The ends of the Earth’s axis, forming its northernmost and southernmost points: the North Pole and South Pole. Their locations do not correspond exactly with the North and South magnetic poles that are produced by the Earth’s magnetic properties.
2. Two points of a magnet where magnetism seems concentrated.
References in periodicals archive ?
The contract is for group life insurance of employees of the Institute of National Remembrance - Commission for Prosecution of Crimes Against the Polish Nation and members of their families.
The bellicosity, bravery and inflexibility of the Polish nation is shown.
His actions were an expression of the unique sense of solidarity the Polish nation presented in its struggle for freedom and independence.
In 2007, she was honoured with a State Medal by the Polish nation in recognition of her exceptional interpretations of Chopin's works.
The USSR's genocidal activity against the Polish nation started before World War II.
The tragic fate of the Polish nation was sealed in August 1939 when Germany and the Soviet Union signed the so-called "non-aggression" pact, leading to Germany's spectacular blitzkrieg of Poland the following month and the eruption of the Second World War.
A Pole's Card is an ID-style document confirming that one belongs to the Polish nation.
38 Ballade as a tale of the martyrdom of the Polish nation.
Unlike most Western European states, the Polish nation was created in the nineteenth century, although statehood was only realized in 1918 after the collapse of the European empires that had partitioned Polish territories in the eighteenth century.
The Polish nation apparently is not easily pushed around by the ruling elites in the EU.
In its juxtaposition of desire with duty to the Polish nation, A Thousand Peaceful Cities takes up where the 1953 novel Trans-Atlantyk, by Polish-Argentine writer Witold Gombrowicz, left off.
The pianist holds the title of State Artist in her native Turkey, and in 2007, she was honoured with the award of a State Medal by the Polish nation in recognition of her exceptional Chopin interpretations.