messenger RNA

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Related to Polycistronic mRNA: Monocistronic mRNA

messenger RNA

n. Abbr. mRNA
The form of RNA that mediates the transfer of genetic information from the cell nucleus to ribosomes in the cytoplasm, where it serves as a template for protein synthesis. It is synthesized from a DNA template during the process of transcription.

messenger RNA

n
(Biochemistry) biochem a form of RNA, transcribed from a single strand of DNA, that carries genetic information required for protein synthesis from DNA to the ribosomes. Sometimes shortened to: mRNA See also transfer RNA, genetic code

messenger RNA


n.
a molecule of RNA that is synthesized in the nucleus from a DNA template and then enters the cytoplasm, where its genetic code specifies the amino acid sequence for protein synthesis. Abbr.: mRNA
[1960–65]

mes·sen·ger RNA

(mĕs′ən-jər)
See under RNA.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.messenger RNA - the template for protein synthesismessenger RNA - the template for protein synthesis; the form of RNA that carries information from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell
ribonucleic acid, RNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell; "ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses"
Translations
ARN messager
References in periodicals archive ?
The long reads generated by the GS FLX System were critical for the assembly of full length transcripts, identification of polycistronic mRNA and for the discovery of short transcripts, since the 5' and 3' tags were contained within a single read.