polycystic ovary syndrome

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polycystic ovary syndrome

n. Abbr. PCOS
An endocrine disorder usually associated with multiple cysts within the ovaries and excess levels of androgens, characterized by hirsutism, acne, menstrual irregularity, infertility, and often insulin resistance.

polycystic ovary syndrome

n
(Pathology) a hormonal disorder in which the Graafian follicles in the ovary fail to develop completely so that they are unable to ovulate, remaining as multiple cysts that distend the ovary. The results can include reduced fertility, obesity, and hirsutism. Abbreviation: PCOS
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This in turn proves that women maybe fertile in spite of the presence of PCO, therefore the objective of this study was to compare the female reproductive organs morphology between fertile and infertile women with polycystic ovaries.
Polycystic ovaries are usually ovaries that contain a large number of harmless cysts and, in some women, the levels of the male hormone testosterone are also abnormally high.
On the basis of the NIH meeting in 2003, any two of the three are sufficient to confirm the diagnosis of PCOS: (1) specific morphology of polycystic ovaries in ultrasonogaphy findings, (2) hyperandrogenism (biochemical or clinical), and (3) oligo- or amenorrhoea.
They differ markedly on the necessity of hyperandrogenism for diagnosing PCOS and the relevance of an ultrasound finding of polycystic ovaries.
Goodman, who chairs the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists' task force on hyperandrogenic disorders and was not involved with the AES task force, "the ultrasound finding of polycystic ovaries is not a consistent element of the metabolic and endocrine disorder of PCOS.
The diagnosis is made when two out of three components are present, such as hyperandrogenism, polycystic ovaries and oligoovulation.
The researchers used ultrasound to determine whether 134 PCOS patients had polycystic ovaries.
9 These criteria comprised a) Oligo and/or anovulation; b) clinical and/or biochemical signs of hyperandrogenism; c) polycystic ovaries with the exclusion of congenital adrenal hyperplasia androgen secreting tumour.
Coexistence of polycystic ovaries and uterine fibroids and their combined effect on the uterine artery blood flow in relation to age and parity.
The clinical features include reproductive manifestations such as reduced frequency of ovulation, irregular menstrual cycles, reduced fertility, polycystic ovaries on ultrasound, and high concentrations of male hormones such as testosterone which can lead to excess facial or body hair growth and acne.
polycystic ovaries on ultrasound-([greater than or equal to] 12 follicles 2-9 mm or vol > 10 ml)
We present a case of 22-year-old unmarried female who presented with hirsutism and on detailed evaluation she was diagnosed as a case of nonclassical adrenal hyperplasia and polycystic ovaries.