polymerase chain reaction

(redirected from Polymerase chain)
Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Polymerase chain: Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction

polymerase chain reaction

n. Abbr. PCR
A technique for amplifying DNA sequences in vitro by separating the DNA into two strands and incubating it with oligonucleotide primers and DNA polymerase. It can amplify a specific sequence of DNA as many as one billion times and is important in biotechnology, forensics, medicine, and genetic research.

pol′ymerase chain′ reac`tion



n.
the laboratory production of numerous copies of a gene by separating the two strands of the DNA containing the gene segment, marking its location with a primer, and using a DNA polymerase to assemble a copy alongside each segment and continuously copy the copies. Abbr.: PCR
Translations
amplification en chaîne par polymérase
References in periodicals archive ?
FUTURE OF POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION (PCR) HOME BREW IN-HOUSE (HOME-BREW) PCR METHODS HOME-BREW ASSAYS, INCLUDING REAL-TIME PCR
In those cases, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) can provide better results (3).
Matuschka's team extracted each insect's midgut, the part of the host where Borrelia bacteria live today, and used a technique known as polymerase chain reaction to amplify the DNA found there.
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR): A revolutionary technology, which generates multiple copies of a specific nucleotide sequence from a target organism and able to detect trace elements of target organisms with high specificity.
This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Gene Amplification Technologies in US$ Million by the following Product Segments: Polymerase Chain Reaction, and Other Gene Amplification Technologies.
rickettsii infection was established by immunohistochemistry and specific polymerase chain reaction.
Again, generally relying on antibody counts or the polymerase chain reaction (to identify DNA from the pertussis bacterium), researchers diagnosed the disease in 32 percent of adults who had a cough that had lasted more than 2 weeks.
Product differentiation by analysis of DNA melting curves during the polymerase chain reaction.
Using a technique known as polymerase chain reaction, the team made many copies of ancient DNA fragments taken from two pictographs dated between 3,000 and 4,300 years ago.
The diagnosis was made by serologic testing, polymerase chain reaction detection, and immuno-histochemical testing of the organism from a skin biopsy specimen.
Since so few Ehrlichia infect cells, she and her colleagues had to use a technique known as polymerase chain reaction to grow more of the organisms' DNA to examine.
were identified biochemically (api 20E, bioMerieux, Marcy l'Etoile, France) and by a polymerase chain reaction assay specific for the invA gene of Salmonella spp.

Full browser ?