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n. Greek Mythology
A son of Oedipus and Jocasta for whom an expedition against Thebes was raised.


(Classical Myth & Legend) Greek myth a son of Oedipus and Jocasta, for whom the Seven Against Thebes sought to regain Thebes. He and his brother Eteocles killed each other in single combat before its walls


(ˌpɒl əˈnaɪ siz)

a son of Oedipus and Jocasta, on whose behalf the Seven against Thebes were organized.
References in classic literature ?
The "Thebais" seems to have begun with the origin of the fatal quarrel between Eteocles and Polyneices in the curse called down upon them by their father in his misery.
ANTIGONE and ISMENE - daughters of Oedipus and sisters of Polyneices and Eteocles.
Antigone's brother Polyneices lies on the battlefield where he fell, his burial outlawed by Creon, the new king of Thebes.
Antigone wanted to bury her rebel brother, Polyneices, instead of allowing his body to rot in the sun as decreed by her uncle, King Creon.
After Polyneices died fighting his brother Eteocles for the throne, Creon decided that Eteocles will be honoured but the other brother's body will not be sanctified by holy rites, and left as prey for animals.
The explosive conflict between her and the king Creon over the burial of the corpse of Antigone's brother Polyneices has made an astonishing comeback.
The daughter of Oedipus and his mother Jocasta, Antigone, like Nedjma, is the product of an unlawful union, and her transgressive love for her brother Polyneices can also be conceived as on some level incestuous.
Paradoxically, this crucial element makes possible an association with another famous literary character, Antigone, the Greek heroine who refused to let the body of her brother Polyneices remain unburied, full well knowing that burying her dead brother with funerary rituals would lead to her being punished "to live a buried life" and never to see more "daystar's sacred eye" (Velikovsky 1980: 157), i.
42) There is a strong mythological tradition for violence between twins (Girard 1988:65-69): well-known Classical examples are Eteocles and Polyneices, and Romulus and Remus.
And she has an arguably incestuous love for her dead brother Polyneices (also her nephew, as her sister is also her niece), whom she places in importance above all other kinship relations, even parents and spouse.
Think Creon in Sophocles' Antigone, a character who begins with the good intention of maintaining order in Thebes but under the pressure of internal rebellion issues the hubristic and unethical order to leave the body of his nephew Polyneices unburied.
Butler disputes Hegel's reading of Antigone because it refuses desire in the relationship of recognition between Antigone and her brother Polyneices.