He came once to Mycenae, not as an enemy but as a guest, in company with Polynices
to recruit his forces, for they were levying war against the strong city of Thebes, and prayed our people for a body of picked men to help them.
The story of Antigone, a set text at GCSE and A level, centres around the children of Oedipus - Antigone, her sister Ismene and brothers Polynices
In the drama class, the two patients play Oedipus' sons Eteocles and Polynices
, who, as the myth goes, end up killing each other.
In the first part of the play, that is, up to Eteocles' resolution to fight against his brother, these names are actually expected to function as indicators of how the battle is going to develop--thus pointing to the future and the tangible results of the war--while simultaneously signifying and underlining the gulf that separates the Thebans from Polynices
and his army--and the great threat posed by those 'external' enemies.
In the more orthodox nineteenth-century perspective of the German philosopher Schlegel, Antigone is right and Creon wrong because her disregard of a decree of the state not to bury her brother Polynices
is in obedience to the divine law concerning family burial rites that Creon has flouted.
Antigone, forbidden by king Creon to bury her brother Polynices
, as punishment for her brother's treason to the city of Thebes, does so anyway.
He tells of the legitimate claim that the 'traitor' Polynices
in fact had to the throne, before himself being betrayed by his brother.
If anything, the so-called 'arguments' are on Creon's side (the burial of Polynices
would stir up public unrest, etc.
Palla renders a speech delivered by Polynices
in lines 357-405 of Euripides' Phoenician Women that includes some stichomythic dialogue with Jocasta.
10) Other histrionic invocations include Giton casting Encolpius and himself as Socrates and Alcibiades in Plato's Symposium: non tam intactus Alcibiades in praeceptoris sui lectulo iacuit (128,7); Giton equaling his friend Ascyltos with Lucretia and himself posing as Tarquin (9,5); Giton hiding, like Ulysses in Homer's Odyssey, under a mattress/ram (9798); Eteocles and Polynices
fighting over Thebes (80,3); Cleopatra being delivered to Ceasar in a carpet (102,10-11).
Antigone, niece of King Creon, makes a decision to bury her brother Polynices
, a fallen soldier.
And once we are given the words of Shall I despaire, we would also like to see the English version of Je file "in the form of a Christmas carol" and especially the contra-factum provided for Aspice Domine in one of its many sources, a lament for Etiocles, Polynices
, Jocasta, and the city of Thebes.