A molecular phylogenetic study using sequences of three cpDNA loci revealed the polyphyly
Morphological and molecular evidence of polyphyly
in rhodomyrtus (Myrtaceae:Myrteae).
Paraphyly and polyphyly
in Polyscias sensu lato: molecular evidence and the case for recircumscribing the "pinnate genera" of Araliaceae.
Detailed molecular studies indicated polyphyly
of this group with respect to distinct lineages of Arremon and the related genus Lysurus (Florez-Rodriguez et al.
Funk, "Species Level Paraphyly and Polyphyly
," Annual Reviews in Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 34 (2003): 397-423; Christopher E.
A phylogeny of the Lampropeltis mexicana complex (Serpentes: Colubridae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences suggests evidence for species-level polyphyly
of the mailcheeked fishes (Teleostei: Scorpaeniformes): evidence from mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data.
of mycoheterotrophic orchids and functional influences on floral and molecular characters.
Molecular phylogeny of the major arthropod groups indicates polyphyly
of crustaceans and a new hypothesis for the origin of hexapods.
Phylogeny of North American amblemines (Bivalvia, Unionoida): prodigious polyphyly
proves pervasive across genera.
Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence data were used to evaluate the suspected polyphyly
of the genera Clidemia D.
1992) do not support rodent polyphyly
and contribute to the argument that the MP method can be misleading due to unequal evolutionary rates in different taxa.