polysaccharide(redirected from Polysaccharides, bacterial)
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pol·y·sac·cha·ride(pŏl′ē-săk′ə-rīd′) also pol·y·sac·cha·rid (-rĭd) or pol·y·sac·cha·rose (-rōs′, -rōz′)
Any of a class of carbohydrates, such as starch and cellulose, consisting of a number of monosaccharides joined by glycosidic bonds.
polysaccharide(ˌpɒlɪˈsækəˌraɪd; -rɪd) or
(Elements & Compounds) any one of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain linked monosaccharide units: includes starch, inulin, and cellulose. General formula: (C6H10O5)n. See also oligosaccharide
pol•y•sac•cha•ride(ˌpɒl iˈsæk əˌraɪd, -rɪd)
a complex carbohydrate, as starch, inulin, or cellulose, formed by the combination of nine or more monosaccharides and capable of hydrolyzing to these simpler sugars.Also, pol`y•sac′cha•rose` (-ˌroʊs)
Any of a class of carbohydrates that are made of long chains of simple carbohydrates (called monosaccharides). Starch and cellulose are polysaccharides.
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|Noun||1.||polysaccharide - any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules|
heparin, Lipo-Hepin, Liquaemin - a polysaccharide produced in basophils (especially in the lung and liver) and that inhibits the activity of thrombin in coagulation of the blood; it (trade names Lipo-Hepin and Liquaemin) is used as an anticoagulant in the treatment of thrombosis and in heart surgery
chitin - a tough semitransparent horny substance; the principal component of the exoskeletons of arthropods and the cell walls of certain fungi
glucosamine - an amino derivative of glucose that is a component of many polysaccharides
carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
cellulose - a polysaccharide that is the chief constituent of all plant tissues and fibers
animal starch, glycogen - one form in which body fuel is stored; stored primarily in the liver and broken down into glucose when needed by the body
inulin - used to manufacture fructose and in assessing kidney function
dextrin - any of various polysaccharides obtained by hydrolysis of starch; a tasteless and odorless gummy substance that is used as a thickening agent and in adhesives and in dietary supplements
mucopolysaccharide - complex polysaccharides containing an amino group; occur chiefly as components of connective tissue