When the Prophet migrated to Madinah, his role as a mere religious leader ended; he was now the political leader of a state, governed by the precepts of Islam, which demanded that clear laws of governance be laid out to ensure harmony and stability in a society which once had been distraught by decades of war, one which must ensure the peaceful coexistence of Muslims, Jews, Christians and polytheists
The third dangerous aspect of the ISIS attacks is their explicit targeting of Shiites, other "deviant" Muslims and polytheists
, whom they see as apostates who deviate from the true faith that ISIS claims to assert in its Islamic state.
Religions are largely represented in two categories of fundamental beliefs regarding the deity: those who claim monotheism and polytheists
Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) did not participate in the covering of the Kaaba before the conquering of Makkah as the polytheists
would not allow him to enter Makkah.
When the chapter Tawbah, urging for war against infidels, was revealed, the disbelievers who were at peace with Muslims were exempted: "Excepted are those with whom you made a treaty among the polytheists
and then they have not been deficient toward you in anything or supported anyone against you; so complete for them their treaty until their term [has ended].
Shi'is take Q 9:28, "the polytheists
(mushrikun) are impure (najas)," categorically.
He made dozens of treaties with Christians, Jews, polytheists
, even Zoroastrians," pointed out Dr Morrow.
He it is Who sent His Apostle with the guidance and the true religion; that He may make it overcome (other) religions, all of them, however much the polytheists
may be averse.
Militants often point to the Quran's ninth sura, or chapter, which includes calls for Muslims to "fight polytheists
wherever you find them" and to subdue Christians and Jews until they pay a tax.
Academics offer advancement to any human being and according to the words of Allah in the verse of Sural At-Tawbah: "And if any one of the polytheists
seeks your protection, then grant him protection so that he may hear the words of Allah.
have many names for God because they have many Gods, just as every human has many names for his or her many relatives and friends.
in Mecca could not tolerate the advance of Islam and planned to assassinate Prophet and his followers.