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 (pŏm-pā′, -pā′ē)
An ancient city of southern Italy southeast of Naples. Founded in the sixth or early fifth century bc, it was a Roman colony by 80 bc and became a prosperous port and resort with many noted villas, temples, theaters, and baths. Pompeii was destroyed by an eruption of Mount Vesuvius in ad 79. The incredibly well-preserved ruins were rediscovered in 1748 and have been extensively excavated.

Pom·pe′ian, Pom·pei′ian adj. & n.


(pɒmˈpeɪən; -ˈpiː-)
(Placename) of or relating to Pompeii or its inhabitants
(Placename) a native or inhabitant of Pompeii
References in classic literature ?
The effect was supposed to be Pompeiian and Rita and I had often laughed at the delirious fancy of some enriched shopkeeper.
And getting stiff, too, I should say, in this Pompeiian armchair.
I felt suddenly extremely exhausted, absolutely overcome with fatigue since I had moved; as if to sit on that Pompeiian chair had been a task almost beyond human strength, a sort of labour that must end in collapse.
I suffered a moment of giddiness before the door opened, light streamed in, and Rose entered, preceding a man in a green baize apron whom I had never seen, carrying on an enormous tray three Argand lamps fitted into vases of Pompeiian form.
A dim lamp (of Pompeiian form) hanging on a long chain left the hall practically dark.
I ran to the door, but I sauntered through it, to plant myself before a Pompeiian fresco in the corridor; and there were the two attendants still gossiping outside the further door; nor did they hear the dull crash which I heard even as I watched them out of the corner of each eye.
Consequently, Parthenope is also the shade of a matte powder that can be mixed with a balm to create a blurry, painterly effect on cheeks and lips, just like the tempera technique of Pompeiian frescoes.
Part II discusses Roman examples, including in triumph and Saturnalia, Plautus, the Priapus painting at the house of Vettii, Pompeiian graffiti, and the Carmina Priapea.
Messages of male control and violence can be found throughout Pompeiian houses.
The world the corpses now inhabit resembles a Pompeiian tableau.
The temples of Apollo and Jupiter, the macellum or agora, and the building of Eumachia-a prominent female Pompeiian who was the alpha-woman of her time-surrounded this vast public space lined with large Roman columns.
Other areas include a physic garden, rose garden, reflecting pool and Pompeiian gardens.