Gerald arrived in Rome with letters from the cathedral chapter, declaring that he had been unanimously elected as bishop (following the death of the previous bishop in 1198) and appealing to Pope Innocent III
to consecrate him.
It was soon annulled by Pope Innocent III
, who had formed an alliance with the king.
Moore, Pope Innocent III
(1160/61-1216): To Root Up and to Plant (Leiden: Brill, 2003), 228-53; Antonio Garcia y Garcia, Historia del Concilio Lateranense de 1215 (Salamanca: Ediciones La Tierra Hoy, 2005); Raymonde Foreville, Latran I, II, III, et Latran IV, 1123, 1139, 1179 et 1215.
6 The 1215 Charter failed when the treacherous King stabbed the nobles in the back by per- suading Pope Innocent III
to annul the settlement.
In 1209, on the Day of the Butchery (recorded on a plaque opposite the cathedral), 20,000 people were massacred under the orders of Pope Innocent III
The Hospital of St Mary of the Germans was founded in 1189-90 as a field hospital for sick German crusaders besieging Acre (Palestine) and in 1199, after the city's fall, was recognised by Pope Innocent III
as a military order of the church, comparable to the Templars and Hospitallers of St John.
The existence of the Vatican Almoner dates back centuries: It is mentioned in a papal bull from the 13th-century Pope Innocent III
, and Pope Gregory X, who ruled from 1271-1276, organized it into an official Holy See office for papal charity.
As a biographer of Pope Innocent III
, I have reservations about Hans Kung's recent column in which he urges Pope Francis to follow the model of St.
Now the horse-trading is over and a tradition begun in the 12th century by Pope Innocent III
Pope Innocent III
predicted the Second Coming based on the date of Islam's inception + 666--the mark of the devil.
At the beginning of the 13th century Pope Innocent III
launched the Fourth Crusade.
Pope Benedict XVI's willful or careless indifference towards exploiting his church concerns by "secular" politicians like Sarkozy to serve their down to earth goals, or towards exacerbating Islamophobia, which in turn fuels Christianphobia, is reminiscent of how the older Sarkozy-type "Christ-abiding" and non-secular politicians concealed from the bulk of the crusading army a letter from Pope Innocent III
, who made the new Fourth Crusade the goal of his pontificate, warning against the diversion of the crusade, forbidding any atrocities against "Christian neighbours" and threatening excommunication.