Paul III

(redirected from Pope Paul III)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Pope Paul III: Alessandro Farnese, Pope Paul IV

Paul III

Originally Alessandro Farnese. 1468-1549.
Pope (1534-1549) who initiated the Counter Reformation and approved (1540) the founding of the Society of Jesus.

Paul III

n
(Biography) original name Alessandro Farnese. 1468–1549, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1534–49). He excommunicated Henry VIII of England (1538) and inaugurated the Counter-Reformation by approving the establishment of the Jesuits (1540), instituting the Inquisition in Italy, and convening the Council of Trent (1545)
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Paul III - Italian pope from 1534 to 1549 who excommunicated Henry VIII of England in 1538 and initiated the Council of Trent in 1545; was active in the Counter Reformation and promoted the Society of Jesus for this purpose (1468-1549)
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1540, Pope Paul III issued a papal bull establishing the Society of Jesus, or Jesuits, as
Both cities were shaped by Pope Paul III and his powerful Farnese family during the 16th century and offer a feast for the senses.
The significant players in the drama are brought to the fore--for example, Pope Paul III and his persistence in calling the council in the first place (albeit for a complex mix of desire for ecclesial reform and political power): the papal legate Cardinal Giovanni Morone whose pragmatic leadership in the third period brought the council to completion against all odds: the French Cardinal Charles de Guise with his continuous calls for reform.
Perhaps the most famous excommunication in history occurred in 1538 when Pope Paul III expelled England's King Henry VIII from the Catholic Church, leading to the separation of the Roman church from the Church of England.
But for the period after 1542, when Pope Paul III established the Roman Inquisition, also known as the Holy Office, the papacy's record on witchcraft was marked by theoretical skepticism and judicial restraint.
A famous portrait by Titian of Pope Paul III and grandsons Alessandro and Ottavio hangs in the Capodimonte Museum in Naples.
We learn about the great Vittoria Colonna whose diplomatic efforts, though ultimately unsuccessful, were indispensable to her brother during the Salt War (a war between Pope Paul III and the Colonna family in 1541 where he tried to impose a salt tax on the Colonna towns in the Castelli Romani).
The New Rome of Pope Paul III Farnese," shows how the papacy of Paul III was a studied attempt to bring a new Golden Age to Rome, following the papacy of Clement VII, which proved a disaster for the city.
Loyalties are called into question as many of those close to Henry are executed for their betrayal in an epic battle that pits him against Pope Paul III in Rome.
Under the Farnese Pope Paul III (1534-49), he assumed a leading role among the bankers in the Curia.
Season two will take up with the consequences of that action when Peter O'Toole plays Pope Paul III.
The Galway veteran has just been signed up to play Pope Paul III in a second series of The Tudors.