So contraception was condemned by Pope Pius XI
through a pretty tortuous interpretation of a couple of lines in Genesis that state Onan "spilled his seed on the ground" -- since it involves ejaculation without the intent of conception.
It is not a vague feeling of compassion but rather, as Pope Pius XI
described it, an "intimate conviction" that all of us are part of the same human family.
Here, Kertzer explores the relationship between Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and Pope Pius XI
, both of whom rose to power in Rome in 1922 and relied on the other to protect their political interests.
In 1925, Pope Pius XI
hosted the Universal Missionary exhibition at the Vatican gardens.
The concordat with Germany was signed by Pope Pius XI
St John was canonised in 1925 by Pope Pius XI
who four years later also made him the principal patron saint of parish priests worldwide.
Did the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Pius XI
, and Eugenio Pacelli, the Cardinal Secretary of State (the future Pope Pius XII), turn a blind eye and a deaf ear to the plight of Germany's Jews in the 1930s?
What the documents do reveal is that that the Berlin Nuncio, Cesare Orsenigo kept Pope Pius XI
and his Cardinal Secretary of State very well informed about the rise of anti-Semitism and violent anti-Semitic acts in Germany.
During these years, Eugenio Pacelli, the future Pope Pius XII (1939-58), served as nuncio to Bavaria (1917), nuncio to Germany (1920), and Secretary of State to Pope Pius XI
13, 16, 32, 36-37, 39, 47; Pope Pius XI
, Encyclical Letter Quadragesimo Anno (May 15, 1931), nos.
Benedict recalled the story of More - made a saint by Pope Pius XI
in 1935 - and inspected a plaque commemorating his execution.
Pope Pius XI
signed off on the treaty, which included a generous cash payment to compensate the church for its loss of territory.