potassium

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po·tas·si·um

 (pə-tăs′ē-əm)
n. Symbol K
A soft, silver-white, extremely reactive element that is an alkali metal, is essential to plant and animal cell functions, and occurs in nature only in compounds. It can be obtained by electrolysis of its hydroxide and is found in, or converted to, a wide variety of salts used especially in fertilizers and soaps. Atomic number 19; atomic weight 39.098; melting point 63.5°C; boiling point 759°C; specific gravity 0.86; valence 1. See Periodic Table.

[From earlier potass, potash (from which it was first obtained), from French potasse, from Dutch potas : pot, pot (from Middle Dutch; akin to Old English pott) + as, ash (from Middle Dutch asche; see as- in Indo-European roots).]

po·tas′sic adj.

potassium

(pəˈtæsɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a light silvery element of the alkali metal group that is highly reactive and rapidly oxidizes in air; occurs principally in carnallite and sylvite. It is used when alloyed with sodium as a cooling medium in nuclear reactors and its compounds are widely used, esp in fertilizers. Symbol: K; atomic no: 19; atomic wt: 39.0983; valency: 1; relative density: 0.862; melting pt: 63.71°C; boiling pt: 759°C
[C19: New Latin potassa potash]
poˈtassic adj

po•tas•si•um

(pəˈtæs i əm)

n.
a silvery white metallic element that oxidizes rapidly in the air and whose compounds are used as fertilizer and in special hard glasses. Symbol: K; at. wt.: 39.102; at. no.: 19; sp. gr.: 0.86 at 20°C.
[1800–10; < New Latin potass(a) (< French potasse < Dutch potasch potash) + -ium -ium2]

po·tas·si·um

(pə-tăs′ē-əm)
Symbol K A soft, highly reactive, silvery-white metallic element that is an alkali metal and occurs in nature only in compounds. It is essential for the growth of plants and is used especially in fertilizers and soaps. Atomic number 19. See Periodic Table.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.potassium - a light soft silver-white metallic element of the alkali metal grouppotassium - a light soft silver-white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
metal, metallic element - any of several chemical elements that are usually shiny solids that conduct heat or electricity and can be formed into sheets etc.
carnallite - a white or reddish mineral consisting of hydrous chlorides of potassium and magnesium; used as a fertilizer and as a source of potassium and magnesium
kainite - a white mineral consisting of magnesium sulphate and potassium chloride; a source of potassium salts; used as a fertilizer
langbeinite - a mineral consisting of potassium magnesium double sulphate; used as a fertilizer
brine, saltwater, seawater - water containing salts; "the water in the ocean is all saltwater"
sylvine, sylvite - a mineral consisting of native potassium chloride; an important ore of potassium that is found in sedimentary beds
Translations
kalium
بوتاسيوم
калий
potassi
draslík
kalium
kalio
kaalium
پتاسيم
kalium
אשלגן
kalij
kálium
kaliumpotassium
kalium
kalínkalíum
カリウム
칼륨
kalium
kalis
kālijs
kaliupotasiu
draslík
kalij
калијум
kalium
โพแทสเซียม
калій
kali

potassium

[pəˈtæsɪəm]
A. Npotasio m
B. CPD potassium cyanide Ncianuro m de potasio
potassium nitrate Nnitrato m de potasio
potassium sulphate Nsulfato m potásico

potassium

[pəˈtæsiəm]
npotassium m
modif [chloride, fluoride, carbonate] → de potassium; [supplement] → de potassium; [deficiency] → en potassium
potassium deficiency → carence en potassium

potassium

nKalium nt

potassium

[pəˈtæsɪəm] npotassio

potassium

(pəˈtӕsiəm) noun
a silvery-white element.

po·tas·si·um

n. potasio, mineral que se encuentra en el cuerpo combinado con otros, esencial en la conducción de impulsos nerviosos y actividad muscular.

potassium

n potasio; — chloride cloruro potásico or de potasio; — hydroxide hidróxido potásico or de potasio
References in periodicals archive ?
The alkalinizing agent comprises sodium bicarbonate, calcium chloride, potassium phosphate and arginine bicarbonate.
The TNX-102 SL sublingual formulation is based on a eutectic between cyclobenzaprine HCl and mannitol, which protects the acidic hydrochloride salt of cyclobenzaprine from molecular interactions with the basic excipient, potassium phosphate dibasic, which is added to enhance transmucosal absorption.
The UIC artificial leaf consists of two silicon triple-junction photovoltaic cells of 18 square centimeters to harvest light; the tungsten diselenide and ionic liquid co-catalyst system on the cathode side; and cobalt oxide in potassium phosphate electrolyte on the anode side.
15] demonstrated that foliar application of mono potassium phosphate (KMP) at 200 ppm concentration increased the plant growth, biomass production and fruit yield of pepper plants.
The Company noted that the creation of a Activated Spinal Fusion Slurry (ASFS) using a mixture of magnesium, potassium phosphate, and calcium phosphate, similar to its existing OsteoCrete(tm) technology, allows the slurry to form a bonded vertebrae structure that permits bone growth into a bonded vertebrae structure providing fusion of the two adjacent vertebrae.
Leaf discs (6 mm in diameter) were then isolated and floated on 5 mL of buffer (5 mM potassium phosphate pH 6.
9%, and intravenously administered potassium chloride and potassium phosphate among the medications most commonly cause side effects in patients (Cohen 2001; Hadaway 2000; Bates et al 1995).
The trial group received calcium supplements as calcium gluconate 10%; 5ml/kg/day (45mg/kg/day of elemental divided 3 times a day), phosphorus as potassium phosphate 17%; 1 ml/kg/day (24 mg/kg/day divided in 12-hours to be taken orally) and vitamin D 400 U daily.
Each well contained 99gl of 50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7 (filtered through a 0.
Eight tenders for the supply of (a) 80 tons potassium chloride & 50 tons potassium sulfate, (b) 50 tons mono ammonium phosphate and 80 tons di ammonium phosphate, (c) 20 tons mono potassium phosphate, (d) 5 tons magnesium oxide, (e) 12 tons calcium carbonate, (f) 40 tons urea fertilizers, (g) 50,000 woven plastic sacks & (h) 10,000 printed plastic jericans.