Phytophthora infestans

(redirected from Potato Late Blight)
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Noun1.Phytophthora infestans - fungus causing late blight in solanaceous plants especially tomatoes and potatoes
genus Phytophthora, Phytophthora - destructive parasitic fungi causing brown rot in plants
fungus - an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia
References in periodicals archive ?
Firester's project, titled 'Modeling the Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Phytophthora infestans on a Regional Scale,' mapped disease data and weather patterns to predict where spores that cause potato late blight would spread to next.
In Uganda, losses due to potato late blight reach up to 60%, forcing farmers to spray fungicides up to 15 times to protect their crops.
Phenotypic characterization of potato late blight resistance mediated by the broad-spectrum resistance gene RB.
Under the Plant Diseases national program and other ARS national programs, ARS researchers collaborate with university scientists, private industry, and other partners in efforts to sequence the genomes of major crop pathogens, including Phytophthora infestans, which causes potato late blight, Fusarium graminearum, the culprit behind wheat scab, and Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, which causes HLB in citrus.
The six case studies presented in this text explore the human consequences of plant disease epidemics, including the effects of wheat rust in the ancient Mediterranean Area and the Near East; Europe's 1846 yellow rust epidemic on rye; Europe's potato late blight and its contributions to the revolutions of 1848; crop loss in the Netherlands during WWI, 1914- 1918--productivity of major food crops in a long-term perspective; crop loss in Germany during WWI, 1914-1918--productivity of major food crops and the outcome of the war; and underrating and overestimating the effect of plant diseases on the course of history.
Plant defense genes associated with quantitative resistance to potato late blight in Solanum phureja x dihaploid S.
Island Sunshine (late), developed by organic farmers on Prince Edward Island, Canada, probably has the highest tolerance to potato late blight of any variety now being grown.
All of the varieties now cultivated commercially in the United States are highly susceptible to potato late blight, a family of fungal pathogens that turns tubers to mush and invariably kills any plant it infects.
Potato late blight was under control in the mid-20th century, but in the past three decades has spread around the globe and now threatens vast swathes of Russia's agricultural land.