because he must remain at his post where the god has placed him, as he remained at Potidaea
, and Amphipolis, and Delium, where the generals placed him.
31) This is supposed to have occurred when he went on campaign with Alcibiades to Potidaea
As a defensive measure, the Athenians attacked their own ally Potidaea
, which they believed was too closely connected to Corinth, which was its mother city as well, an action that only further enraged the Corinthians.
Characteristic is the example of Xenophon, Hestiodorus and Phanomachus, the Athenian generals who besieged Potidaea
in 429 BC, who were accused because they signed a treaty with the Potideans without consulting the sovereign assembly (Thuc.
They say they have found evidence in northern Greece that the event in 479 saved the village of Potidaea
Writing of the limping Oedipus and Philoctetes with his infected foot, Vickers asserts that "the serious wound that Alcibiades received at Potidaea
(Plutarch's Life of Alcibiades, 7.
It deals with the accusation of blasphemy leveled against the Athenians after their siege of Potidaea
Forget that a quarter of the population of Athens (including Pericles) died within four years from a mysterious plague; forget that entire cities--including Potidaea
, Mytilene, Plataea, Scione, and Melos--were either brutally conquered or simply razed; forget that almost 40,000 Athenians and their allies perished on Sicily, or that dramatic masterpieces--Trojan Women, Oedipus Rex, Acharnians and others--grew out of the ordeal.
25 This scene ironically inverts Plutarch's account of how Socrates, having saved Alcibiades' life in a battle against Potidaea
during the Peloponnesian Wars, supported the Athenian generals in giving Alcibiades the honor of having saved Socrates' life.
While he begins by telling of his return from the battle at Potidaea
with all the other soldiers, he then relates that he alone went to spend time at his familiar and pleasing haunt, the wrestling school: whether Socrates spent any time with his family remains in doubt (153a1-5).
Rather than praising, for instance, the men who fought at Corcyra or Potidaea
, he portrays Athens as a whole greater than its parts and almost as if she were a separate being capable of action of her own, declaring: "our city alone of the current powers proves when tested to be superior to what is said of her, and she alone gives no grounds for her attackers to be vexed about the sort of people by whom they have been harmed, or for her subjects to complain that they are being ruled by those who are unworthy" (41.
61) A message could also be attached to an arrow, and shot over the enemy walls: this method was apparently very liable to accidents: an attempt to betray Potidaea
to the Persians went awry, because the Persian arrow intended for an accomplice in the city, missing its mark, hit a soldier in the shoulder.