allows a speaker to have it both ways: while claiming to omit, he actually gets to express.
Suffice here to recall the eidetic force of his descriptions, the ever-surprising originality and justness of his similes and metaphors, the light-handed shading of narration into meditation and vice versa, the exquisite handling of iteratio, variation, and praeteritio
, the three figures of speech that have come to be a sort of trademark of his style.
At the beginning of his story introducing Neaira for the first time (19-20), Apollodorus gives the names of all the seven girls who, as he says, worked for Nicarete, while he bypasses the details of their subsequent manumissions with a praeteritio
implying that he possesses full knowledge about the girls' subsequent careers.
The fallacies and figures sections include basic examples of each including antithesis, anaphora, praeteritio
, and prolepsis to name a few.
49) When Marcus worries about having used a simile that is possibly unsuitable to the dignity of the Senate, Fronto reassures the young man that such concern is a mark of his ability, conceding, however, that grand thoughts should be clothed in grand words and praising Marcus's use of praeteritio
(paraieiyi~, Ad Ant.
Another form of negative narration, praeteritio
(sometimes called paraleipsis), professes to omit mention of events in the narrative only to do so under the mark of negation.
In this praeteritio
, Tolkien is saying that reality and truth exist and that it is our duty to see and conform to them.
In her notes Summerscale observes that, beyond Malvasia's other rhetorical distortions, this line exemplifies the trope of praeteritio
, highlighting precisely what the writer pretends to exclude.
Nonetheless, the flair and humor we see here--the pointed rhetorical device of praeteritio
("I shall say nothing" of the man's "total lack of intelligence") and the framing metaphor of closure (your "surgeon" has performed barbaric "amputations on me") --are primary reasons for the now escalating interest in Berlioz's life and work, both musical and literary.
This is why I call this sort of antithesis 'praeteritic', a term derived from the rhetorical figure praeteritio
, defined in classical rhetoric as the more or less indirect introduction of a subject which the speaker has promised to exclude.