Prakrit


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Related to Prakrit: Brahmi, Prakrit literature

Pra·krit

 (prä′krĭt)
n.
1. Any of the vernacular and literary Indic languages recorded from the third century bc to the fourth century ad, as opposed to Sanskrit.
2. Any of the modern Indic languages.

[Sanskrit prākṛtam, from neuter sing. of prākṛta-, natural, vulgar, vernacular : pra-, before, forward; see per1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots + karoti, he makes; see Sanskrit.]

Pra·krit′ic adj.

Prakrit

(ˈprɑːkrɪt)
n
(Languages) any of the vernacular Indic languages as distinguished from Sanskrit: spoken from about 300 bc to the Middle Ages. See also Pali
[C18: from Sanskrit prāktra original, from pra- before + kr to do, make + -ta indicating a participle]
Praˈkritic adj

Pra•krit

(ˈprɑ krɪt, -krit)

n.
any of the vernacular Indo-Aryan languages of the ancient and medieval periods, as distinguished from Sanskrit.
[1780–90; < Skt prākṛta, derivative of prakṛti vulgar, natural, original]
Pra•krit•ic (prəˈkrɪt ɪk) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Prakrit - any of the modern Indic languages
Indic, Indo-Aryan - a branch of the Indo-Iranian family of languages
2.Prakrit - any of the vernacular Indic languages of north and central India (as distinguished from Sanskrit) recorded from the 3rd century BC to the 4th century AD
Indic, Indo-Aryan - a branch of the Indo-Iranian family of languages
Pali - an ancient Prakrit language (derived from Sanskrit) that is the scriptural and liturgical language of Theravada Buddhism
References in periodicals archive ?
The scheme was extended to cover Pali/ Prakrit in 1996.
The Austrian Indologist Moriz Winternitz, writing in 1936, called it "still the most important grammar of the Prakrit dialects we possess", adding that "it is due to him (Hemachandra) that Gujarat became the main stronghold of the Shwetambar Jains and has remained so for centuries.
The effects of the rain conjure up the romantic yearning of the monsoon season, a theme that dominates Indic poetry (in Hindi and other Prakrit languages, as well as in Urdu).
Kosambi: "wet-ginger"; Sircar notes that alla means 'wet' in Pali and 'ginger' in Prakrit, but also observes that the Sanskrit form ardraka 'ginger' occurs in no.
Although obviously of Indian origin, Niya Prakrit also shows influences of its new Central Asian homeland.
Sutradhara (the Stage Manager) then calls out for Nati (the Stage Manageress) in Sanskrit; at which the Stage Manageress enters the stage but replies in Prakrit.
However, very similar forms are found in many other modern Indo-Aryan languages, and there is Prakrit riccha-.
Besides Sanskrit, the two other margas are of ancient and indigenous origin, Prakrit and Apabhramsha; later and more regionally limited, however, they are not the major focus of Pollock's essay.
Part three, called "Smells in Practice," summarizes the body of texts in Sanskrit and Prakrit on perfumery, most of them dating after 1000 C.
This Madhyama-agama parallel to the Bahudhatuka-sutta was translated into Chinese by Gautama Sarighadeva towards the end of the fourth century, (10) apparently based on a Prakrit original transmitted within the Sarvastivada tradition(s).
Devy is rightly proud to have been able to include translations not only from ancient Sanskrit classics (with apologies for having none from Pali or other Prakrit texts) but also from later Persian, Hindi, Marathi, and Gujarati, though (because of the unavailability of proper translations) only a very brief excerpt from the Tamil classic Tholkaappiyam, despite the importance of the Tamil critical tradition for all southern India's Dravidian literatures.