Originally enacted in 1965, the VRA required nine states to preclear
any changes to their voting laws.
To take a real example, Congress may provide that an executive agency must preclear
state laws before they become operative.
Drive Hopping across the pond to Los Angeles with Aer Lingus from Liverpool, via Dublin is a great way to travel, with the added benefit of being able to preclear
US Immigration and Customs at Dublin Airport prior to connecting onward and land in L.
285) See Menell & Depoorter, supra note 138, at 69-71 (comparing the lack of preclearance in the music industry with other property-based transactions featuring preclearance); Menell & Meurer, supra note 139, at 23-25 ("Unlike land institutions--which enable developers to preclear
projects through zoning administrations and quiet title through legal proceedings--intangible resource regimes do not provide much in the way of advance clearance options.
the states that must preclear
changes to their voting laws with the
In the absence of further congressional action, the only jurisdictions required to preclear
new election-related policies will be those that have been individually subjected to the preclearance process by a federal court, known generally as "bail in.
It does not replace customs inspections; instead, it assists customs and border patrol agents (CBPAs) in ensuring that the items that are arriving are free of contraband and infestations through the use of customs and border clearance agents (CBCAs) who preclear
In late July the justice department indicated it may use Section 3 of the Voting Rights Act in asking a federal court to require that Texas preclear
its future voting changes with federal officials.
The company said it will use the proceeds to expand the sales and commercialisation of the Drivewyze PreClear
wireless weigh station bypass service, as well as for development of new products.
The act is responsible for enfranchising African Americans across the South by requiring nine states of the former Confederacy to preclear
electoral changes with the U.
Texas Governor Rick Perry has been a vocal opponent of the Voting Rights Act, arguing that its requirement that the federal government preclear
new voting procedures in certain counties is outdated and burdensome.
64) If a jurisdiction decides to submit the change to the Attorney General, he has sixty days to review the change and either preclear