preemption

(redirected from Preemption of State and Local Laws)
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pre·emp·tion

 (prē-ĕmp′shən)
n.
1.
a. The right to purchase something before others, especially the right to purchase public land that is granted to one who has settled on that land.
b. A purchase made by such a right.
2. Prior seizure of, appropriation of, or claim to something, such as property.
3. The action of preempting, as the use of military force in a preemptive attack.
4. Law The doctrine that federal law takes precedence over state law.

[pre- + Latin ēmptiō, ēmptiōn-, buying (from ēmptus, past participle of emere, to buy; see em- in Indo-European roots).]

pre•emp•tion

or pre-emp•tion

(priˈɛmp ʃən)

n.
1. the act or right of claiming or purchasing before or in preference to others.
2. the act of preempting.
[1595–1605; < Medieval Latin praeemptiō previous purchase, derivative (with Latin -tiō -tion) of praeemere to buy beforehand]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.preemption - the judicial principle asserting the supremacy of federal over state legislation on the same subject
judicial doctrine, judicial principle, legal principle - (law) a principle underlying the formulation of jurisprudence
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
2.preemption - the right of a government to seize or appropriate something (as property)
legal right - a right based in law
3.preemption - the right to purchase something in advance of others
right - an abstract idea of that which is due to a person or governmental body by law or tradition or nature; "they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights"; "Certain rights can never be granted to the government but must be kept in the hands of the people"- Eleanor Roosevelt; "a right is not something that somebody gives you; it is something that nobody can take away"
preemptive right - the right granting to shareholders the first opportunity to buy a new issue of stock; provides protection against dilution of the shareholder's ownership interest
subscription right - the right of a shareholder in a company to subscribe to shares of a new issue of common stock before it is offered to the public
4.preemption - a prior appropriation of something; "the preemption of bandwidth by commercial interests"
appropriation - a deliberate act of acquisition of something, often without the permission of the owner; "the necessary funds were obtained by the government's appropriation of the company's operating unit"; "a person's appropriation of property belonging to another is dishonest"

preemption

or pre-emption
noun
The act of taking something for oneself:
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Justice Scalia also viewed IRCA's express preemption of state and local laws imposing sanctions (other than through licensing or similar laws) upon persons who employ unauthorized aliens as "impl[ying] the lack of pre-emption for other laws, including laws punishing 'those who seek or accept employment.
It is possible that members of Congress supported the federal Burma sanctions in order to disempower the president and to provide a basis for later preemption of state and local laws, while taking cover behind a symbolic statement in support of democracy in Burma.