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 (prĕf′ər-əns, prĕf′rəns)
a. The selecting of someone or something over another or others: has a decided preference for travel by train.
b. The right or chance to make a choice: The program offers you the preference to use the mouse or function keys.
c. Someone or something so chosen or preferred: What are your musical preferences? See Synonyms at choice.
2. The state of being preferred; favor over others: applicants who received preference for the job.
3. Law
a. A priority of payment given to one or more creditors by an insolvent debtor.
b. The right of a creditor to priority of payment.
c. The presentation of a case as ready for consideration.
d. The formal presentation of criminal charges against someone.
4. The granting of precedence or advantage to one country or group of countries in levying duties or in other matters of international trade.

[Middle English preferraunce, preferment, from Old French preference, from preferer, to prefer; see prefer.]


(ˈprɛfərəns; ˈprɛfrəns)
1. the act of preferring
2. something or someone preferred
3. (Law) law
a. the settling of the claims of one or more creditors before or to the exclusion of those of the others
b. a prior right to payment, as of a dividend or share in the assets of a company in the event of liquidation
4. (Commerce) commerce the granting of favour or precedence to particular foreign countries, as by levying differential tariffs


(ˈprɛf ər əns, ˈprɛf rəns)

1. the act of preferring.
2. the state of being preferred.
3. something preferred; choice; selection: Her preference is vanilla.
4. a practical advantage given to one over others.
5. a prior right or claim, as to payment.
6. the favoring of one country over others in international trade.
[1595–1605; < Medieval Latin]




[one’s] cup of tea Suited to one’s interests, talents, or taste; that which hits the spot, does the trick, or suits one’s fancy.

Broadway by night seemed to be my cup of tea entirely. (Noel Coward, Present Indicative, 1937)

A logical extension of this sense is the British cup of tea meaning ‘one’s fate or destiny.’ However, if something is neither suited to one’s interest, nor a matter of destiny, it may well be another or different cup of tea; in other words, something of an altogether different kind.

A Fred racked with ideals, and in the grip of Federal Union, was quite a different cup of tea from the old, happy-go-lucky Fred. (Nancy Mitford, Pigeon Pie, 1940)

a man of my kidney See SIMILARITY.

up one’s alley Suited to one’s natural capabilities or interests; one’s concern or business; where one feels at home; sometimes down one’s alley. In or up one’s street has the same meaning, although the exact origin of either expression is anybody’s guess. Both are cited as early as 1929.

Fun’s fun, but box-fighting’s your trick and anything else is out of your alley. (Witwer, Yes Man’s Land, 1929)
A great many of the books published today are, as the saying is, right up her street. (Publisher’s Weekly, December 21, 1929)

Up one’s alley is currently the more common American expression; up one’s street is more frequently heard in Britain.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.preference - a strong likingpreference - a strong liking; "my own preference is for good literature"; "the Irish have a penchant for blarney"
liking - a feeling of pleasure and enjoyment; "I've always had a liking for reading"; "she developed a liking for gin"
acquired taste - a preference that is only acquired after considerable experience; "martinis are an acquired taste"
weakness - a penchant for something even though it might not be good for you; "he has a weakness for chocolate"
2.preference - a predisposition in favor of something; "a predilection for expensive cars"; "his sexual preferences"; "showed a Marxist orientation"
predisposition - an inclination beforehand to interpret statements in a particular way
3.preference - the right or chance to choose; "given my druthers, I'd eat cake"
alternative, option, choice - one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen; "what option did I have?"; "there no other alternative"; "my only choice is to refuse"
wish - the particular preference that you have; "it was his last wish"; "they should respect the wishes of the people"
4.preference - grant of favor or advantage to one over another (especially to a country or countries in matters of international trade, such as levying duties)
advantage, vantage - the quality of having a superior or more favorable position; "the experience gave him the advantage over me"


1. liking, wish, taste, desire, bag (slang), leaning, bent, bias, cup of tea (informal), inclination, penchant, fondness, predisposition, predilection, proclivity, partiality Whatever your preference, we have a product to suit you.
2. first choice, choice, favourite, election, pick, option, selection, top of the list, fave (informal) He enjoys all styles of music, but his preference is opera.
3. priority, first place, precedence, advantage, favouritism, pride of place, favoured treatment Candidates with the right qualifications should be given preference.
in preference to rather than, instead of, in place of, in lieu of Sea salt should be used in preference to table salt.


1. The act of choosing:
2. Favorable or preferential bias:
3. A liking for something:
elõnyben részesítés
òaî aî taka e-î/e-n fram yfir
sự thích hơn


A. N
1. (= greater liking or favour) → preferencia f
he expressed a preference for red winemostró su preferencia por el vino tinto
she has a preference for older menprefiere a or tiene preferencia por los hombres maduros
for preferencede preferencia
in preference to sthantes que algo, más que algo
2. (= thing preferred) what is your preference?¿qué prefieres?
I have no preferenceno tengo preferencia
3. (= priority) to give preference to sth/sbdar prioridad a algo/algn
to give sth preference over sth elseanteponer algo a otra cosa
B. CPD preference share N (Fin) → acción f preferente, acción f privilegiada


[ˈprɛfərəns] n
(= liking) → préférence f
a preference for sth → une préférence pour qch
to have a preference for sth → avoir une préférence pour qch
in preference to sth → de préférence à qch
(= priority) → préférence f
to give preference to sb → accorder sa préférence à qn
preference will be given to ... → une préférence sera accordée à ...preference shares npl (British)actions fpl privilégiées


(= greater liking)Vorliebe f; for preferencelieber; to have a preference for somethingeine Vorliebe für etw haben, etw bevorzugen; my preference is for country lifeich ziehe das Leben auf dem Land vor; I drink coffee in preference to teaich trinke lieber Kaffee als Tee
(= thing preferred) what is your preference?was wäre Ihnen am liebsten?; just state your preferencenennen Sie einfach Ihre Wünsche; I have no preferencemir ist das eigentlich gleich; what are your preferences as regards food?was essen Sie am liebsten?
(= greater favour)Vorzug m; to show preference for somebodyjdn bevorzugen; to give preference to somebody/somethingjdn/etw bevorzugen, jdm/etw den Vorzug geben (over gegenüber); to give certain imports preferenceVorzugs- or Präferenzzölle auf bestimmte Einfuhrartikel gewähren


[ˈprɛfrəns] npreferenza
my preference is for ..., I have a preference for ... → preferisco...
in preference to sth → piuttosto che qc
to give preference to sb/sth → dare la preferenza a qn/qc


(priˈfəː) past tense, past participle preˈferred verb
to like better. Which do you prefer – tea or coffee?; I prefer reading to watching television; She would prefer to come with you rather than stay here.
ˈpreferable (ˈpre-) adjective
more desirable. Is it preferable to write or make a telephone call?
ˈpreferably adverb
ˈpreference (ˈpre-) noun
(a) choice of, or (a) liking for, one thing rather than another. He likes most music but he has a preference for classical music.

I prefer apples to (not than) oranges.
preferable, adjective, is spelt with -r-.
preference, noun, is spelt with -r-.
preferred and preferring are spelt with -rr-.


تَفْضِيل preference præference Vorzug προτίμηση preferencia mieltymys préférence sklonost preferenza 好み 선호도 voorkeur preferanse preferencja preferência предпочтение preferens การชอบมากกว่า tercih sự thích hơn 偏爱


n. preferencia.
References in periodicals archive ?
2) Of course, if the preference relation is understood as consisting in (or at least entailing) WARP, then the synchronic money pump goes through: As stated, Maurice's preferences obviously violate WARP.
A fuzzy preference relation (FPR) P on a set of objectives, X, is a fuzzy set on the product set X x X, that is characterized by a membership function [[mu].
This paper shall defend a symmetry between values and preferences, namely that for every value relation there is a corresponding preference relation, and Vice versa.
Block and Barnett do not seem to have a problem with transitivity applied to this atemporal preference relation (Block and Barnett, 2012, p.
If we are coming to this function from the notion of a preference relation between models, we may think intuitively of [mu](M) as consisting of the 'most preferred', 'most normal' or 'best' models in M, that is, those that are minimal under whatever preference relation one has in mind.
Many important decision models have been developed using mainly two preference relation types: (1) Multiplicative Preference Relations (MPR) and (2) Fuzzy Preference Relations (FPR).
We propose in this phase to evaluate knowledge based on a multicriteria model and to compare them according to a preference relation.
In section 2 and 3, we recall definitions and properties of residuation, fuzzy preference relation and fuzzy choice function.
Indeed, we do not require the existence of a preference relation that rationalizes choices at all--all that is required is choice behavior.
Secondly, this paper introduces two aggregation operators in the technology project to deal with two situations of technology project assessment respectively, including linguistic and subjective information and pair comparison of preference relation.
Prioritised goals are the ordinal counterpart to weighted goals: instead of numerical weights attached to goals (expressed as propositional formulas), we have a priority relation on goals, from which a preference relation on the set of bundles can be drawn.
What if a person doesn't have an established preference relation over the set of available alternatives but rather tries to simplify the choices (Chapter 2)?