At the beginning of the cycle there is just a prefinite negative marker, such as ne in Old English or Old French.
Following the suggestion of Jespersen (1917), Haegeman and Zanuttini (1995) and Rowlett (1998) argued that NC is associated with a grammar having a prefinite negative element, such as Serbo-Croat ni or Italian non.
Though the prefinite argument NP normally occupies the role of the subject, in some circumstances the interpretation OVS is preferred over the basic SVO word order.
In Swedish declaratives, a prefinite NP occupies the function of a subject, if the second argument NP is positioned after the last verb (2a).
In Table 3, both prefinite and postverbal nonsubjects in GSV have been accounted for.
It is evident from Table 4 that here, too, the prefinite position is often used.
In passive declaratives with a prefinite subject and a passive av-phrase (18a), the subject consists of a propositional det(ta) only in 1.
7% of the definite continuous nonsubjects occupy the prefinite position in the SUC corpus, while 26.
On the basis of what has been said so far, one is justified in setting up the following generalization concerning written Swedish: in declarative sentences, continuous nonsubjects (objects and prepositional objects) are more strongly associated with the prefinite position than discontinuous ones.
In the two corpora, prefinite placement of det(ta) slightly dominated over postverbal placement, while the topicalization of other nonsubjects was rare (Section 4; see Tables 3 and 4).