Apocalyptic cinema's roots can be traced back to apocalyptic literary tradition beginning 200 BCE, New Testament apocalyptic writings, the rise of premillenialism
in the mid-19th Century, 19th century apocalyptic fiction, a growing distrust in human self-determination, escalating wars and tragedies from 1880 to 1912 reaching a larger audience through a burgeoning press, horrors and disillusionment caused by the First World War, a growing belief in a dystopian future, and changes in the film industry.
These beliefs include the inerrancy of scripture, evangelism, premillenialism
, separatism, and biblical literalism.
Conservative evangelicals were able to move from a tangential to a central subculture owing to the emergence of a new patriotic evangelicalism fostered by America's brand of absolutist Christian anti-communism and the way in which it intensified strands of premillenialism
It maintains the inerrancy of Scripture and affirms premillenialism
, but it does not take a stand on doctrines that have been especially divisive within the Christian church such as the nature of the Lord's supper, paedo- or credobaptism, or Calvinism vs.
Living in the Shadow of the Second Coming: American Premillenialism
For a more complete rendering of the impact of premillenial dispensationalism, see Timothy R Weber, Living in the Shadow of the Second Coming: American Premillenialism
, 1875-1982 (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1983).
Bender even turned the tables by pointing out that Stauffer himself taught premillenialism
, a doctrine that the Mennonite Church General Conference had not endorsed.
The Assemblies of God, for instance, requires its pastors to sign annually a statement that affirms premillenialism
, and that they have taught this doctrine during the past year ("Kingdom 'Now' or 'Then'?
Christian fundamentalism is marked with futurist premillenialism
, described by the author as "a form of Western Protestant evangelical theology that emphasizes the future fulfillment of certain biblical prophecies, and divides history into dispensations (eras) according to God's dealings with the human race" (note 2, p.
Then it assesses "the five fundamentals": biblical inerrancy, the Virgin Birth of Christ, the substitutionary atonement, the bodily resurrection of Christ, and the historicity of miracles, noting that lists of fundamentalist beliefs in the 1920s replaced the historicity of miracles with an affirmation of premillenialism
Although the early creeds of the church refer to Christ's return, neither they nor later confessions of faith supported either premillenialism
or postmillennialism, and dispensationalism was not articulated until the nineteenth century.