fetal alcohol syndrome

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fetal alcohol syndrome

n. Abbr. FAS
A group of abnormalities occurring in an infant as a result of excessive alcohol consumption by a woman during pregnancy, including growth retardation, cranial, facial, or neural abnormalities, and developmental disabilities.

fetal alcohol syndrome

n
(Medicine) a condition in newborn babies caused by excessive intake of alcohol by the mother during pregnancy: characterized by various defects including mental retardation

fe′tal al′cohol syn`drome


n.
a variable cluster of birth defects caused by the mother's consumption of alcohol during pregnancy. Abbr.: FAS
[1975–80]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fetal alcohol syndrome - a congenital medical condition in which body deformation occurs or facial development or mental ability is impaired because the mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy
syndrome - a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease
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The study results showed that the young adults who had physical or cognitive effects from their prenatal alcohol exposure had summary math scores that were 10%-11% lower than those in unexposed peers and 3%-4% lower than those in peers who had had childhood disabilities requiring special education.
His presentation is called "FASD: It's What's Behind the Face that Matters a[euro]" Effects of Prenatal Alcohol on Brain and Behavior.
Individual papers explore such topics as long-term effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on the hippocampal anatomy and functions, the putative role of neurogenesis in the hippocampus of adult rodents, presynaptic modulation at the mossy fiber synapse, and evidence for a spiral organization of information flow through the hippocampal formation.
At least two concepts emerged in research in response to the variable nature of the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure described in the literature from clinical and laboratory studies.
FASD is an umbrella term for the range of health effects that can result from prenatal alcohol exposure.
Prenatal alcohol exposure exacts a heavy burden of psychological, emotional and financial costs to the affected individual, their caregivers and society.
From these subjects we later recruited a convenience sample to pilot-test a battery of neuropsychological and psychiatric instruments for a population-based study investigating the long-term effects of prenatal alcohol exposure, including suicidality.
Prenatal alcohol exposure has already been linked to low birth weight and fetal alcohol syndrome, a spectrum of neurological and developmental problems.
Niggs considers the roots and neuropsychology of ADHD, within-child differences, and other factors that may reflect causes, with consideration of multiple pathways, genetic effects, and uncommon and common experiential risk factors such as low birth weight, prenatal alcohol and nicotine exposure, exposure to lead and other toxicants, psychological trauma, diet, electronic media, and environmental contaminants.
Toronto -- A single-session intervention can reduce prenatal alcohol use among at-risk pregnant women, especially those with higher reported alcohol consumption at baseline, Dr.
The latest study confirmed that moderate to heavy prenatal alcohol exposure affected youngsters' cognitive function, their thought processes and intellectual function such as memory and problem solving.
No single mechanism is likely to account for all of the structural, functional, and behavioral problems that have been attributed to prenatal alcohol exposure, he says.