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prim·er 1

1. An elementary textbook for teaching children to read.
2. A book that covers the basic elements of a subject.

[Middle English, devotional manual, from Norman French, from Medieval Latin prīmārium, from neuter of prīmārius, first, from Latin, from prīmus; see prime.]

prim·er 2

1. A cap or tube containing a small amount of explosive used to detonate the main explosive charge of a firearm or mine.
2. An undercoat of paint or size applied to prepare a surface, as for painting.
3. Genetics A segment of DNA or RNA that is complementary to a given DNA sequence and that is needed to initiate replication by DNA polymerase.


1. (Education) an introductory text, such as a school textbook
2. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) printing See long primer, great primer
[C14: via Anglo-Norman from Medieval Latin primārius (liber) a first (book), from Latin prīmārius primary]


1. a person or thing that primes
2. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) a device, such as a tube containing explosive, for detonating the main charge in a gun, mine, etc
3. (Chemistry) a substance, such as paint, applied to a surface as a base, sealer, etc
Also called (for senses 2, 3): priming
[C15: see prime (vb)]


(ˈprɪm ər; esp. Brit. ˈpraɪ mər)

1. an elementary book for teaching children to read.
2. any book of elementary principles.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin prīmārium, n. use of neuter of prīmārius primary]


(ˈpraɪ mər)

1. one that primes.
2. a cap, cylinder, etc., that supplies a compound for igniting a charge of powder.
3. a first coat of paint, size, etc., given to any surface as a base, sealer, or the like.
4. a short piece of DNA added to one end of a strand of DNA in order to define the portion to be copied.


A book used to teach children to read, or one that covers the basics of a subject.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.primer - an introductory textbookprimer - an introductory textbook    
school text, schoolbook, text edition, textbook, text - a book prepared for use in schools or colleges; "his economics textbook is in its tenth edition"; "the professor wrote the text that he assigned students to buy"
speller - an introductory textbook to teach spelling
hornbook - a primer that provides instruction in the rudiments or basic skills of a branch of knowledge
2.primer - any igniter that is used to initiate the burning of a propellant
detonating fuse - a fuse containing an explosive
igniter, ignitor, lighter, light - a device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires; "do you have a light?"
safety fuse - a slow-burning fuse consisting of a tube or cord filled or saturated with combustible matter; used to ignite detonators from a distance
time-fuse - a fuse made to burn for a given time (especially to explode a bomb)
3.primer - the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surfaceprimer - the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surface
coat of paint - a layer of paint covering something else
couch - a flat coat of paint or varnish used by artists as a primer
كِتاب يُعْطي الأسُسمادّة الأساس قبل الدّهان
podkladslabikářúvodzákladní příručka
grunnurkennslubók handa byrjendum
základná príručka
astartemel bilgiler kitabı


[ˈpraɪməʳ] N
1. (= textbook) → manual m básico
a French primerun manual básico de francés, un manual de francés elemental
2. (= basic reader) → abecedario m
3. (= paint) → pintura f base, imprimación f
4. [of bomb] → iniciador m


[ˈpraɪmər] n
(= paint) → apprêt m
(= book) → manuel m d'introductionprime rate ntaux m préférentielprime time
n (on TV, radio)prime time m, heures fpl de grande écoute, heure f de grande écoute
adj [programme, public] → de prime time


(= paint)Grundierfarbe f, → Grundierung f; (= coat)Grundierung f, → Grundieranstrich m
(esp Sch: = book) → Elementarbuch nt, → Anfangslehrbuch nt, → Fibel f
(= explosive)Zündhütchen nt, → Treibladungszünder m


[ˈpraɪməʳ] n
a. (textbook) → testo elementare
b. (paint) → vernice f base inv


(praim) verb
to prepare (something) by putting something into or on it. He primed (=put gunpowder into) his gun; You must prime (=treat with primer) the wood before you paint it.
ˈprimer noun
1. a book that gives basic information about a subject.
2. a substance put on a surface to prime it before painting.
References in classic literature ?
These young ladies--not supposed to have been actually christened by the names applied to them, though always so called in the family from the places of their birth in barracks--are respectively employed on three-legged stools, the younger (some five or six years old) in learning her letters out of a penny primer, the elder
To this day, when I look upon the fat black letters in the primer, the puzzling novelty of their shapes, and the easy good-nature of O and Q and S, seem to present themselves again before me as they used to do.
The first "magnum" primer, the Federal 215, was designed for this very purpose.