prion

(redirected from Prion (infectious agent))
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

pri·on

(prī′ŏn′, prē′-)
n.
A protein particle that is the agent of infection in a variety of neurodegenerative diseases, including bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, and scrapie. Prions are the only known infectious agents that do not contain DNA or RNA. They derive from a normal body protein that becomes irreversibly misfolded, and they proliferate in the body, possibly by acting as a template for further protein misfolding.

[Alteration of pro(teinaceous) in(fectious particle).]

prion

(ˈpraɪən)
n
(Animals) any of various dovelike petrels of the genus Pachyptila of the southern oceans that have a serrated bill
[C19: New Latin, from Greek priōn a saw]

prion

(ˈpriːɒn)
n
(Microbiology) a protein in the brain, an abnormal form of which is thought to be the transmissible agent responsible for certain spongiform encephalopathies, such as BSE, scrapie, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, and kuru
[C20: altered from pro(teinaceous) in(fectious particle)]

pri•on

(ˈpri ɒn, ˈpraɪ-)

n.
a tiny proteinaceous particle, likened to viruses and viroids, but having no genetic component, thought to be an infectious agent in bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, and similar encephalopathies.
[1980–85; pr (oteinaceous) + i (nfectious) + -on1]

pri·on

(prē′ŏn)
A particle composed of protein, similar to a virus but lacking DNA or RNA. Prions are thought to be the agent of infection of some diseases of the nervous system.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.prion - (microbiology) an infectious protein particle similar to a virus but lacking nucleic acid; thought to be the agent responsible for scrapie and other degenerative diseases of the nervous system
microbiology - the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans
subatomic particle, particle - a body having finite mass and internal structure but negligible dimensions
Translations
prioni
プリオン
프리온

prion

nPrion nt; prion proteinPrion-Protein nt

prion

n prion or prión m