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n.1.(Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Priscillian, bishop of Avila in Spain, in the fourth century, who mixed various elements of Gnosticism and Manicheism with Christianity.
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36) Within the decade, the Council of Toledo would condemn the followers of Priscillian as heretics, while one of Ambrose's own catechumens, Augustine of Hippo, would spend his career writing against Manicheans and later against Donatist Christians.
Again, in chapter 7, he examines Vincent of Lerins's association of Simon with Priscillian, offering a descriptive account but little comparison of Vincent with Jerome (other than that the former was more forthcoming than the latter [127]), without addressing the obvious question of Vincent's degree of dependence on Jerome.
His topics include Simon Peter and Simon Magus in the Acts of Peter and the Passion of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul, Priscillian and Nicolaitism, and Simon Magus and Simon Peter in Medieval Irish and English legends and in a Baroque alter relief in the Cathedral of Oviedo in Spain.
In AD 385 Bishop Priscillian of Avila was accused by his enemies of being a heretic because, among other views, he supported Manichaeism and held unorthodox ideas regarding the Trinity.
Although the main charge on which Priscillian was eventually found guilty was sorcery (maleficium), he is usually listed as the first person in Christian history to be executed for heresy.
An example is the portrait of the "heretic," Priscillian of Avila, that some of his opponents created through the use of typology.