civil law

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civil law

n.
1.
a. The body of law of a state or nation governing the behavior of individuals and corporations.
b. The law determining private rights and liabilities, as opposed to criminal law and other public law.
2. The law of ancient Rome as embodied in the Justinian code, especially that which applied to private citizens.
3. A system of law having its origin in Roman law, as opposed to common law or canon law.

civil law

n
1. (Law) the law of a state relating to private and civilian affairs
2. (Law) the body of law in force in ancient Rome, esp the law applicable to private citizens
3. (Law) any system of law based on the Roman system as distinguished from the common law and canon law
4. (Law) the law of a state as distinguished from international law

civ′il law′


n.
1. the body of laws regulating private matters, as distinct from criminal, political, or military matters.
2. the body of law proper to ancient Rome, as distinct from that common to all nations.
3. any of the systems of law derived from or influenced by Roman law and distinct from common law and canon law.
[1375–1425]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.civil law - the body of laws established by a state or nation for its own regulation
common law, precedent, case law - (civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisions
legislation, statute law - law enacted by a legislative body
complaint - (civil law) the first pleading of the plaintiff setting out the facts on which the claim for relief is based
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
accession - (civil law) the right to all of that which your property produces whether by growth or improvement
international law, law of nations - the body of laws governing relations between nations
2.civil law - the legal code of ancient Romecivil law - the legal code of ancient Rome; codified under Justinian; the basis for many modern systems of civil law
addiction - (Roman law) a formal award by a magistrate of a thing or person to another person (as the award of a debtor to his creditor); a surrender to a master; "under Roman law addiction was the justification for slavery"
legal code - a code of laws adopted by a state or nation; "a code of laws"
novate - replace with something new, especially an old obligation by a new one
stipulate - make an oral contract or agreement in the verbal form of question and answer that is necessary to give it legal force
Translations
občanské právo
kontinentaleuropäischer RechtskreisPrivatrechtZivilrecht
civila kodo
derecho civilderecho continental
säädösoikeus
code civildroit civil
המשפט הקונטיננטלימשפט אזרחי
građansko pravo
大陸法
civiline teisekontinentinė teisė
burgerlijk Wetboek
privatrecht
prawo cywilne
civil lawdireito civildireito romano-germânico
civilno pravo
civilrätt

civil law

ncodice m civile; (study) → diritto civile
References in periodicals archive ?
Voir aussi Rolf-Ulrich Kunze, Ernst Rabel und das KaiserWilhelm-Institut fur auslandisches und internationales Privatrecht, 1926-1945, Gottingen, Wallstein, 2004 a la p 20; Leontin-Jean Constantinesco, Traite de droit compare, t 1, Paris, Librairie generale de droit et de jurisprudence, 1972 a la p 52.
See generally Franz Bydlinski, Das Privatrecht im Rechtssystem einer "Privatrechtsgesellschaft" (1994).
Major organization : MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT FR AUSLNDISCHES UND INTERNATIONALES PRIVATRECHT
Rabels Zeitschrift fur auslandisches und internationales Privatrecht, 73 (2009), 269-313, p.
VON, Deutsches Privatrecht, I Band: Allgemeiner Teil und Personenrecht, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1895 = Goldbach, Keip 2000.
16) She identifies Franz Zeiller's Das Naturliche Privatrecht (1802), translated into Russian in 1809 by Petr Lodii for use in the Main Pedagogical Institute, as presenting the most consistently liberal (Kantian) conception of natural law before Kunitsyn's work.
23 explica que "Dennoch bleibt zwischen beiden Gebieten ein fast bestimmter Gegensatz darin, dass in dem offlentlichen Recht das Ganze als Zweck, der Einzelne als Untergeordnete erscheint, anstatt dass im Privatrecht der Einzelnen Mensch fur sich Zweck ist, und jedes Rechtsverhaltnip sich nur als Mittel auf sein Daseyn oder seine besondere Zustande bezieht".
78) Hans Peter Walter, in Heinz Hausheer and Hans Peter Walter (eds), Berner Kommentar zum Schweizerischen Privatrecht, Band I.
KRAMER, The Rome ii Regulation on the Law Applicable to Non-Contractual Obligations: The European Private International Law Tradition Continued, 2008, Nederland Internationaal Privatrecht, 414; P.