prostaglandin

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pros·ta·glan·din

 (prŏs′tə-glăn′dĭn)
n.
Any of a group of potent hormonelike substances that are produced in various mammalian tissues, are derived from arachidonic acid, and mediate a wide range of physiological functions, such as control of blood pressure, contraction of smooth muscle, and modulation of inflammation.

[prosta(te) gland (from the mistaken belief that the first prostaglandin discovered was secreted by the prostate) + -in.]

prostaglandin

(ˌprɒstəˈɡlændɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) any of a group of potent hormone-like compounds composed of essential fatty acids and found in all mammalian tissues, esp human semen. Prostaglandins stimulate the muscles of the uterus and affect the blood vessels; they are used to induce abortion or birth
[C20: from prosta(te) gland + -in; it was originally believed to be secreted by the prostate gland]

pros•ta•glan•din

(ˌprɒs təˈglæn dɪn)

n.
any of a class of unsaturated fatty acids that are involved in the contraction of smooth muscle, the control of inflammation and body temperature, and many other physiological functions.
[1935–40; prosta (te) + gland1 + -in1]

pros·ta·glan·din

(prŏs′tə-glăn′dĭn)
Any of a group of substances that are derived from fatty acids and have a wide range of effects in the body. Prostaglandins influence the contraction of the muscles lining many internal organs and can lower or raise blood pressure.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.prostaglandin - a potent substance that acts like a hormone and is found in many bodily tissues (and especially in semen); produced in response to trauma and may affect blood pressure and metabolism and smooth muscle activity
autacoid, autocoid - any physiologically active internal secretion especially one of uncertain classification
Translations

prostaglandin

[ˌprɒstəˈglændɪn] Nprostaglandina f

prostaglandin

nProstaglandin nt

prostaglandin

[ˌprɒstəˈglændɪn] nprostaglandina

prostaglandin

n prostaglandina
References in periodicals archive ?
If the cervix is unfavorable and the induction is necessary then ripening with prostaglandins is required2.
The way NSAIDs inhibit the formation of prostaglandins is by inhibiting their precursor enzymes, cyclooxygenase (COX).