phosphatase

(redirected from Protein phosphatases)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

phos·pha·tase

 (fŏs′fə-tās′, -tāz′)
n.
Any of numerous enzymes that catalyze the removal of phosphate groups by hydrolysis of phosphate ester bonds. They act in the opposite manner to kinases and are important in metabolism and cell signaling.

phosphatase

(ˈfɒsfəˌteɪs; -ˌteɪz)
n
(Biochemistry) any of a group of enzymes that catalyse the hydrolysis of organic phosphates

phos•pha•tase

(ˈfɒs fəˌteɪs, -ˌteɪz)

n.
any of several classes of esterases of varying specificity that catalyze the hydrolysis of phosphoric esters.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phosphatase - any of a group of enzymes that act as a catalyst in the hydrolysis of organic phosphates
enzyme - any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Cantharidin can inhibit the activity of protein phosphatases, new researches for the inhibition of protein phosphatases have been implemented.
Role of type 2C protein phosphatases in growth regulation and in cellular stress signaling.
The ABIs are divided into two major classes according to their biochemical functions: protein phosphatases (ABI1 and ABI2) and transcription factors (ABI3/VP1, ABI4, and ABI5) (Giraudat et al.
Studies on the effects of MC-LR in the organization of microtubules and chromatin in root cells of P australis demonstrated that the induction of abnormal mitotic cells coincided with concentrations where inhibition of protein phosphatases was greater than 50% (> 500 mg [L.
Dr Rita Tewari of the University of Nottingham has completed what she describes as a 'Herculean study', has said that the latest study identifies how protein phosphatases regulate parasite development and differentiation and the research provides a systematic functional analysis for all the 30 phosphatases in Plasmodium berghei, which is the parasite responsible for causing malaria in rodents.
Deactylase inhibitors disrupt cellular complexes containing protein phosphatases and deacetylases.
Identification of protein phosphatase 2C and confirmation of other protein phosphatases in the ocular lenses.
In addition, some cross-reactivity for RII exists for other protein phosphatases, which should be inhibited completely to improve the assay's background signal and its specificity.
Protein phosphatases and calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II-dependent synaptic plasticity.
BACKGROUND: Microcystin-LR, a cyclic heptapeptide, possesses the ability to inhibit the serine/threonine protein phosphatases PP1 and PP2A and, consequently, exhibits acute hepatocytotoxicity.
N-terminal phosphorylation of DAT is involved in dopamine efflux and subcellular distribution, but the DAT amino acid residues, protein kinases and protein phosphatases involved in this process are not known.

Full browser ?