Though neither by temperament nor conviction a revolutionist, Dostoevsky was one of a little group of young men who met together to read Fourier and Proudhon
On this point his stand echoes that of the French anarchist Pierre-Joseph Proudhon
, whose early writings sought a dialectical synthesis that would overcome the contradiction between the centralizing tendencies of social power and the individualizing tendencies of private property, but who in later work came to the view that "the antinomy does not resolve itself," so that its opposing terms can only be balanced, never synthesized.
Conditional Tranche 3: requalification of Rue Pierre Joseph Proudhon
Marx and Engels (1975), for instance, while attacking Proudhon
as a petty bourgeois utopian, admired the work of Fourier and Owen, where they detected the anticipation and imaginative expression of a new social order.
Some like the libertarian Proudhon
were "too philosophical" for Marx and accosted as utopian, but Marx eagerly took Proudhon
's twisted slogan "Property is robbery
At that time, Marx was not the most influential figure in the organization, and the supporters of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon
, one of the fathers of the modern anarchist movement, were dominant.
This is the philosophy associated with William Godwin in England, Pierre Joseph Proudhon
in France, Peter Kropotkin in Russia, and Josiah Warren and Benjamin Tucker in the United States.
The most prominent theorists of seventeenth and eighteenth-century are the Hugo Grotius (1583-1645), Thomas Hobber (1588-1679), John Locke (1632-1704), and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778), Pierre Joseph Proudhon
(1809-1865), John Rawls (1921-2002).
Among the writers he cites are Plato, Niccolo Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbes, Charles Montesquieu, Adam Smith, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon
, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, and John Rawls.
Explaining why and how Proudhon
ever remained a Romantic clarifies much that is otherwise bizarre in the writings of this disorienting sociological pamphleteer.
Beginning in 1840, when Proudhon
with his Qu'est-ce que lapropriete?
Amongst this group, however, is a political celebrity recognisable to any literate Parisian in the 1850's, Proudhon