The leading Sunni and Shi'ite Muslim powers in the Gulf, Saudi Arabia and Iran, are already backing opposing sides in proxy conflicts
in Syria and Iraq, reports Reuters.
Though the Cold War was marked by global polarization, with distinct geopolitical blocs and proxy conflicts
, it was also a period in which the international system was more ordered than it is today.
And Tehran and Riyadh's colliding ambitions stoked proxy conflicts
around the region that enflamed Sunni-Shiite hatreds -- most horrifically in Syria's civil war, where the two countries backed opposing sides.
Perhaps they should see a bright side in the emergence of Daesh as that common enemy that will bring them together and put an end to decades of proxy conflicts
Meanwhile, the Saudi-Iranian regional rivalry spawns proxy conflicts
from Lebanon to Pakistan.
Ethiopia, time and again, accuses Egypt as it works tirelessly to destabilize its peace and security through various means, one of which is through proxy conflicts
And complementing both the inter-state wars and civil wars are the proxy conflicts
, intercommunal conflicts, cross-border conflicts and one-sided violence against civilians--although Mengisteab cautions that the distinction between these six different categories are often blurred.
In fact, proxy conflicts
often increase after adversaries either reach nuclear capability or deals to contain them, as a return to conventional wars is a safer way to pursue their interests.
Hughes (defense studies, King's College London, UK) presents an overall framework for understanding how and why proxy conflicts
occur and for assessing the political and strategic implications of such indirect warfare for the states that are targeted, sponsor states, and non-state proxy groups.
This strategy produced a military incapable of waging the low-intensity proxy conflicts
that were the hallmark of the Cold War, a deficiency that would not be remedied until the Kennedy administration recognized the problem more than a decade later and placed an emphasis on special operations capabilities.
The report explained further that Saleh's regime utilizes different currents to create chaos through nationwide proxy conflicts
to stay in to power "The military movements and the designations of new leaders to brigades in Sa'ada, Al-Jawf, Abyan, Al-Dale, Hodeida and Hadramout indicate that the regime works on creating chaos inside military camps in preparation to surrender northern areas to the Houthis, the middle areas to Al-Qaeda organization and the southern areas to secessionist groups," the report said.
A vision of a stable, independent Afghanistan rid of insurgency and proxy conflicts
fought by neighboring states," she said.