She argues that perceptual states are constituted by particulars and discuss epistemic, ontological, psychologistic
, and semantic approaches to account for perceptual particularity.
As Ioffe's student, the philosopher Moisei Kagan (not to be confused with the unrelated Bakhtin Circle philosopher Matvei Kagan), noted, while following Dvorak's general scheme, Ioffe substituted "spirit" with "ideology", and shifted Dvorak's psychologistic
notion of thinking to a sociologised conception (Kagan 2006, p.
The latter added credibility to Noelle-Neumann's (1983) adoption of a personality-oriented measure of opinion leadership, a psychologistic
elaboration of self-identification methods employed by Schafer and Taddicken (this special section), and by Shah and Scheufele (2007).
Postmodern scholars have urged that in assuming the individualistic and psychologistic
stance of "self-as-agent," counselors have "lost sight of (and therefore [have] not been as effective in transforming) the larger systems and structures of which individuals are a part" (Cosgrove & McHugh, 2000, p.
Hence it results in insufficiency of all the psychotherapy in closer, hitherto, psychologistic
sense--it does not see at all the "spirituality" of the human being.
But this repugnance reflects the antiquarian psychologistic
and technocratic character of the legal tradition.
An overly psychologistic
reading of Nietzsche's position vis-a-vis essentialism (Poellner 1995 (6), Jaspers 1979 (7), Klossowski 2005 (8)) misses the point that drives too only interpret perceptually (and not 'determine') through inner directions which then also manifest themselves outwardly.
This is a glaring oversight in a book which specifically purports to talk about racism in sociological, not individualistic or psychologistic
RB: If you ask a contemporary German philosopher about pragmatism, he or she will describe it as a reductive, psychologistic
theory that seeks to understand normativity in terms of the grasping selfishness of a bourgeois shopkeeper, whose answer to every question is, "Well, what's in it for me?
As Land makes clear in 'Machinic Desire' (1993), not only is "greed" merely a psychologistic
means of characterising the 'profit-seeking tropism of .
It is important to emphasize this point in order to sharply distinguish ABCT from recent Keynes-like psychologistic
theories that seek to explain bubbles, crises and depressions by "animal spirits," a term which refers to a witch's brew of various noneconomic motives and irrational behavioral propensities of private economic decisions (see, for example, Akerlof and Shiller ).
is often provocative, as in Theosophy's adoption of occultism as a nom de plume, Aleister Crowley's psychologistic
reinvention of 'magick', or Gerald Gardner's invention of 'witchcraft' or wicca, in the form of a secret fertility cult--words meant to shock a predominantly Christian .