Purkinje cell

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Related to Purkinje cell: nerve cell, Purkinje cell layer

Pur·kin·je cell

A large, drop-shaped, densely branching neuron that is the characteristic cell of the cerebellar cortex.

[After Johannes Evangelista von Purkinje (1787-1869), Bohemian physiologist.]

Pur•kin′je cell`

(pərˈkɪn dʒi)
a large, densely branching neuron in the cerebellar cortex of the brain.
[1885–90; see Purkinje fiber]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Purkinje cell - a large densely branching neuron that is the characteristic cell of the cerebellar cortex
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
References in periodicals archive ?
FMRP is known to help regulate synapse function, so it may contribute to the abnormalities seen in Purkinje cell functioning in TSC.
For example, cerebellar Purkinje cell nucleoli were used as counting units to obtain unbiased (fractionator) estimates of the number of Purkinje neurons in adult mammalian cerebella.
Purkinje cell dendrites grow in alignment with Bergmann glia.
Objective: To study and compare the histomorphological changes induced by second generation (2G), third generation (3G) and fourth generation (4G) mobile phone electromagnetic fields on the organization of Purkinje cell layer of rat cerebellum.
G-CSF receptors are expressed in pyramidal neurons in the cortex (mainly layers II/III and V), the Purkinje cell layer of the cerebellum, the hippocampus (hilus and CA3 field), the entorhinal cortex and the olfactory bulb.
2001) Onset of ataxia and Purkinje cell loss in PrP null mice inversely correlated with Dpl level in brain.
Ischemia increases Purkinje cell automaticity, and the spontaneous firing of these fibers triggers polymorphic VT or VF.
Histopathogical findings include widening of the molecular layer of the cerebellar cortex with replacement by abnormal ganglion cells, absence of the Purkinje cell layer, and hypertrophy of the granular cell layer.
Increased calbindin-D28K immunoreactivity in rat cerebellar Purkinje cell with excitatory amino acids agonists is not dependent on protein synthesis.
Andersen, "Reduction of Purkinje cell volume in cerebellum of alcoholics," Brain Research, vol.
The cerebellar cortex was formed of three layers: outer molecular layer (M), middle Purkinje cell layer (P) and inner granular layer (G) (Fig.