The guerrillas in Afghanistan organized themselves in part based on shattered conventional Taliban and al Qaeda forces, but more often based on local Pushtun
communities justifying their struggle with the defense of Islam and the neighborhood.
This concept appears to be equally valid in tribal Pushtun
areas and non-tribal Tajik areas and one could argue for much of the Islamic culture.
In an extraordinary feat of reporting, Aftermath describes the impact of the war on families from Beirut to Baghdad, to Afghanistan's Pushtun
Yet another factor influencing thinking in New Delhi could be the speculation that the Afghanistan end- game may actually result in either a stronger Pakistani role in that country or serious instability in the broader Pushtun
region in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
In Afghanistan it is the ally of the Tajiks, Uzbeks and Hazara against the Pushtun
They cannot be called Punjabi, Sindhi, or Pushtun
Some ethnic groups, such as the majority Pushtun
, conform to traditional customary practices such as purdah (female seclusion) and veiling more strictly than other groups, though it is important to acknowledge that there are regional differences among them, with those in the southern provinces adhering to more conservative gender norms than the Pushtun
in the eastern provinces of Afghanistan who tend to value female education (Rostami-Povey Afghan Women 23).
In the end, whatever the efforts of the coalition and the Afghan government, "victory" will ultimately depend on the willingness of Afghans in the Pushtun
areas to resist voluntarily both the blandishments and the threats of the Taliban.
1) Pashtun (also spelled Pushtun
, Pakhtun, Pashtoon, Pathan) are a people who live in southeastern Afghanistan and the northwestern province of Pakistan.
32) It is therefore not surprising that Owais Ghani, governor of the NWFP, claims that the warriors from Punjab are far more brutal and difficult to crack than the Pushtun
Rabbani transferred his headquarters to Faizabad, Badakhshan, and continued to act as head of state until late 2001 when the United States formed a coalition force and launched a military offensive that led to the overthrow of the Taliban and instalment of a transitional government headed by Hamid Karzai, a Pushtun
Al Qaeda members have a dual loyalty and, if push comes to shove, they will again betray the foreigners, as they did in the fall of 2001.