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 (räf′sän-jä′nē), Ali Akbar Hashemi Born 1934.
Iranian religious and political leader who served as president from 1989 to 1997. A founding member of the Islamic Republican Party, he sought to improve Iran's economy and its relations with the West.


(Biography) Hojatoleslam Hashemi Ali Akbar. born 1934, Iranian politician: president of Iran (1989–97)


(ˌrɑf sɑnˈdʒɑ ni)
Hojatolislam Ali Akbar Hashemi, born 1935, president of Iran 1989–97.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rafsanjani isn't just alleged to have presided over the government that funded and organized the AMIA attackhe also knew about the specific plot well in advance, and gave the official final go-ahead.
9 -- Former Iranian president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani died on Sunday at the age of 82, a big blow to moderates and reformists deprived now of their most influential supporter in the Islamic establishment.
Former Iranian President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani died Sunday after being taken to a local hospital to be treated for a heart condition, according to media reports.
The complex combination of friendship and rivalry between Khamenei and Rafsanjani dates back to 1962, when both were among the closest Qom-based followers of the late Imam Ruhullah Khomeini, whose "Islamic Revolution" caused the early 1979 fall of the Pahlavi monarchy which was followed by his establishment of "The Islamic Republic of Iran" (IRI).
The statements of Iran's former president and the leading centrist figure, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, which have been interpreted as a call for demilitarisation, have sparked controversy and prompted hardliners to launch a wave of attacks on him.
Iranian-GCC relations went bad again in late 1989 when, a few months after the constitution was amended to abolish the post of PM and Rafsanjani was elected president, having got Ali Khamenei to succeed Imam Khomeini as Supreme Leader of the theocracy in June and with a "last minute promotion" of him to the rank of "ayatollah", the latter turned to the Safawi extremist camp - thus rivalling Rafsanjani and later blocking some of the presidency's decisions.
But this time, Iran is also represented by its Republic's President Hassan Rowhani through his mentor Ayatullah Ali-Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, and no longer only Supreme Leader Khamenei who is under the sway of the Safawi extremists of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and Ayatullah Muhammad-Taqi Musbah-Yazdi, the Machiavelli of extremist Safawis.
The man who secured the choice of Khamenei was no other than Rafsanjani, the man who used to be exceptionally close to Imam Khomeini.
The main winners were Rafsanjani, who came first in the list for the Tehran province, and his allies.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Former Iranian President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, who now chairs the state Expediency Council, to Saudi Arabia has called off his visit to Saudi Arabia, his senior aide announced on Sunday.
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani is one of the most famous and seasoned politicians of Iran.
2 ( ANI ): Former Iranian President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani has said the Syrian government had carried out a chemical weapons attack against its own people.