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 (rä′stə-fär′ē-ə-nĭz′əm, răs′tə-fâr′-)
A religious and political movement originating in Jamaica in the 1930s that bases its doctrine on selections from the Bible and regards Ethiopia as the Promised Land and Haile Selassie I as a messiah, with many members advocating nonviolence and rejecting materialism.

[After Ras Tafari Makonnen, former name of Haile Selassie I, proclaimed a divine being by adherents : Amharic ras, head, prince; see rʔš in Semitic roots + Amharic täfäri, feared, participle of täfärra, to be feared, derived stem of färra, to fear, respect; see prh in Semitic roots.]


(Other Non-Christian Religions) an originally Jamaican religion that regards Ras Tafari (the former emperor of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie (1892–1975)) as God


(ˌræs təˈfɛər i əˌnɪz əm, -ˈfɑr-, ˌrɑ stə-)

a religious sect, orig. of Jamaica, that regards the late Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia as the messiah and Africa as the Promised Land.


the religious beliefs of a West Indian sect who worship the late Emperor of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie (given name: Ras Tafari), and who believe that black people are the chosen of God, and that their promised land is Africa. Their use of marijuana in rituals was widely publicized.
See also: Religion
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Rastafarianism - a religious cult based on a belief that Ras Tafari (Haile Selassie) is the Messiah and that Africa (especially Ethiopia) is the Promised Land
cultus, religious cult, cult - a system of religious beliefs and rituals; "devoted to the cultus of the Blessed Virgin"
References in periodicals archive ?
After the pair chatted about spirituality and Rastafarianism, Marie told Devon: "I have never met anyone who has awakened my spirit.
The poet channelled the spirit of Rastafarianism to heal divides in the city, but is saddened by ethnic and territorial rivalries that beset it afterwards.
The church claims to have more practising members in Britain than the followers of Paganism, Humanism and Rastafarianism combined.
Jediism claims to have more practising members in Britain than the followers of paganism, humanism and Rastafarianism combined.
Of special interest are chapters on North American indigenous spiritualties, Eastern Cherokee traditions, one chapter on BahaAEi, Rastafarianism, and Zoroastrianism, and a chapter on agnostic, atheistic, and non-religious orientations.
The predominant palette of green, yellow and orange/reds draws on the flag of Bowling's native Guyana; they are the colours used on a number of postcolonial African flags and by Pan-Africanist movements such as Rastafarianism, rendering this colour scheme deeply symbolic.
These complex and interrelated processes manifested themselves with the founding of the Universal Negro Improvement Association by Marcus Garvey in 1914,the emergence of Rastafarianism and the Back to Africa Movement in the 1930s, the People's National Party's adoption of self-government as its goal in 1940, and the appearance of numerous black consciousness groups in the 1950s.
The youngest of seven children, he was raised in country poverty, running to school in bare feet, practising a sort of Christian religion that used marijuana in its ritual, like the Rastafarianism practised by his pal Bob Marley.
forces Hall to recognise that the language and imagery of Rastafarianism was really not about rediscovering history but about reclaiming it: 'a whole people symbolically re-engaged with an experience which enabled them to find a language in which they could re-tell and appropriate their own histories'.
He hears terms like 'West Indian culture', Rastafarianism, assimilation, the breakdown of 'law and order', 'sus laws' and muggers.
Snoop Dogg changed his name to Snoop Lion, which reflects his newly-found understanding of Rastafarianism, its history, and his own effect on society through his past actions.
They do have a philosophy; look at Barry Chevannes, who unfortunately died, I think last year [2010], he was one of the leading scholars on Rastafarianism.