Chancellor Wirth, who expected to control foreign policy, evidently intended to make Rathenau
his court Jew, one who was acceptable to British and Dutch bankers and tolerated by the French and who sent a useful mixed signal to Moscow.
How did Stinnes and Goldenberg from the RWE deal with Rathenau
and Klingenberg from the AEG?
After Germany's defeat and the assassination of Walther Rathenau
, however, Mann shifted quite radically to a new democratic stance, acknowledged the impossibility of a return to empire, and spoke eloquently in favor of the new republic in his speech Von deutscher Republik (1922).
Similarly, Steven Lowenstein's discussion of Jewish self-hatred (III: 9) dutifully reports the pained expostulations of Rathenau
, Kraus, and Weininger.
In this context he discusses literary figures and well-known scholars, authors, and other historical figures: a whole chapter for example, is devoted to Joseph Roth, the proverbial pariah, who quite clearly enjoys the author's sympathy, whereas people such as Hans-Joachim Schoeps, Leo Baeck, Ernst Kantorowitz, Walther Rathenau
, and Theodor Herzl, quite indiscriminately denounced as parvenus, receive a good share of criticism.
Both Erzberger and Rathenau
were fatally shot by two-man hit squads, while Scheidemann fortunately survived an assault in which prussic acid was squirted in his face.
Here, the fate of Walther Rathenau
, a wealthy Jewish industrialist, who was made Foreign Minister in 1922 and was murdered by right-wing thugs shortly afterwards, becomes paradigmatic for the possibilities of a Jewish role in public affairs.
Bugos, a Rathenau
Fellow of the Verbund fur Wissenschafts-geschichte, Berlin, is currently studying the supranational consortium that built the Airbus.
Thomas Rink next discusses the question of "double loyalty," that is, the relationship between German and Jewish identity, in Fritz Rathenau
, a cousin of the famous Walther Rathenau
Among Pulzer's main concerns are the electoral behavior of German Jews, the political roles of prominent "court Jews," such as Albert Ballin and Walther Rathenau
, and the influence of Jewish activists in the German Social Democratic movement.
Bugos is a Rathenau
Fellow of the Verbund fur Wissenschaftsgeschichte in Berlin.
Walter Benjamin und Margarete Susman, wie auch Walter Rathenau
und Gustav Landauer, alle haben sie auf ihre Weise das Schicksal der Juden in Deutschland erlitten, obgleich Susman durch eine zeitige Emigration mit dem Leben davonkam.