reciprocal(redirected from Reciprocals)
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1. Done, given, felt, or owed in return: a reciprocal invitation to lunch.
2. Existing, experienced, or done on both sides: reciprocal agreements between nations; reciprocal admiration between friends.
3. Grammar Expressing mutual action or relationship. Used of some verbs and compound pronouns.
4. Mathematics Of or relating to the reciprocal of a quantity.
5. Physiology Of or relating to a neuromuscular phenomenon in which the excitation of one group of muscles is accompanied by the inhibition of another.
6. Genetics Of or designating a pair of crosses in which the male or female parent in one cross is of the same genotype or phenotype as the complementary female or male parent in the other cross.
1. Something that is reciprocal to something else.
2. Mathematics A number related to another in such a way that when multiplied together their product is 1. For example, the reciprocal of 7 is 1/7 ; the reciprocal of 2/3 is 3/2 .
re·cip′ro·cal′i·ty (-kăl′ĭ-tē), re·cip′ro·cal·ness (-kəl-nĭs) n.
1. of, relating to, or designating something given by each of two people, countries, etc, to the other; mutual: reciprocal friendship; reciprocal trade.
2. given or done in return: a reciprocal favour.
3. (Grammar) (of a pronoun) indicating that action is given and received by each subject; for example, each other in the sentence they started to shout at each other
4. (Mathematics) maths of or relating to a number or quantity divided into one
5. (Navigation) nautical denoting a course or bearing that is 180° from the previous or assumed one
6. something that is reciprocal
7. (Mathematics) maths Also called: inverse a number or quantity that when multiplied by a given number or quantity gives a product of one: the reciprocal of 2 is 0.5.
[C16: from Latin reciprocus alternating]
re•cip•ro•cal(rɪˈsɪp rə kəl)
1. given or felt by each toward the other; mutual: reciprocal respect.
2. given, performed, felt, etc., in return: reciprocal aid.
3. corresponding; matching; equivalent: reciprocal privileges at other clubs.
4. (of a pronoun or verb) expressing mutual relationship or action, as the pronouns each other and one another.
5. inversely related or proportional; opposite.
6. Math. noting expressions, relations, etc., involving reciprocals.
7. bearing in a direction 180° to a given direction; back.n.
8. one that is reciprocal to another; equivalent; counterpart; complement.
9. Math. the ratio of unity to a given quantity or expression; that by which the given quantity or expression is multiplied to produce unity: The reciprocal of x is 1/ x.
[1560–70; < Latin reciproc(us) moving backward and forward, reciprocal + -al1]
Either of a pair of numbers whose product is 1. For example, the number 3 is the reciprocal of 1/3 .
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|Noun||1.||reciprocal - something (a term or expression or concept) that has a reciprocal relation to something else; "risk is the reciprocal of safety"|
|2.||reciprocal - (mathematics) one of a pair of numbers whose product is 1: the reciprocal of 2/3 is 3/2; the multiplicative inverse of 7 is 1/7|
math, mathematics, maths - a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
|3.||reciprocal - hybridization involving a pair of crosses that reverse the sexes associated with each genotype|
|Adj.||1.||reciprocal - concerning each of two or more persons or things; especially given or done in return; "reciprocal aid"; "reciprocal trade"; "mutual respect"; "reciprocal privileges at other clubs"|
nonreciprocal - not reciprocal
|2.||reciprocal - of or relating to the multiplicative inverse of a quantity or function; "the reciprocal ratio of a:b is b:a"|
inverse - opposite in nature or effect or relation to another quantity ; "a term is in inverse proportion to another term if it increases (or decreases) as the other decreases (or increases)"
reciprocal[rɪˈsɪprəkəl] adj [arrangement, agreement] → réciproque
adj (= mutual) → gegenseitig; agreement → gegenseitig, wechselseitig, wechselwirksam; measures → gegenseitig, im Gegenzug pred; visit → gegenseitig, wechselseitig, untereinander pred; (= done in return) → als Gegenleistung; (Gram, Math) → reziprok; the reciprocal relationship between these two phenomena → die Wechselbeziehung zwischen diesen zwei Phänomenen; reciprocal trade → Handel m → untereinander
a. recíproco-a, mutuo-a.