recombinant DNA

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recombinant DNA

n. Abbr. rDNA
Genetically engineered DNA prepared by transplanting or splicing genes from one species into the cells of a host organism of a different species. Such DNA becomes part of the host's genetic makeup and is replicated.

recombinant DNA

n
(Genetics) genetics DNA molecules that are extracted from different sources and chemically joined together; for example DNA comprising an animal gene may be recombined with DNA from a bacterium

recombinant DNA


n.
DNA in which one or more segments or genes have been inserted, either naturally or by laboratory manipulation, from a different molecule or from another part of the same molecule, resulting in a new genetic combination.
[1970–75]

re·com·bi·nant DNA

(rē-kŏm′bə-nənt)
A form of DNA produced by combining genetic material from two different sources by means of genetic engineering. Recombinant DNA can be used to change the genetic makeup of a cell, as in adding a gene to make a bacterial cell produce insulin.

recombinant DNA

a DNA molecule in which the genetic material has been artificially broken down so that genes from another organism can be intro-duced and the molecule then recombined, the result being alterations in the genetic characteristics of the original molecule.
See also: Heredity
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.recombinant DNA - genetically engineered DNA made by recombining fragments of DNA from different organisms
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
Translations
ADN recombiné
References in periodicals archive ?
And all of them using IPTG as the inducer, also, owing to protease deficiency in BL21 (DE3) is suitable for expression of recombinant proteins (19).
com)-- Poly-histidine tags are often used for affinity purification of poly-histidine-tagged recombinant proteins expressed in Escherichia coli, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus subtilis, and other prokaryotic expression systems.
This understanding will eventually enable us to control and optimize the synthesis of recombinant proteins, which are broadly used for vaccines, diagnostic tools and therapeutic purposes.
A detailed introduction to protein folding processes and dynamics opens the book, followed by chapters on recruitment of unfolding chaperones for use on misfolded recombinant proteins and use of osmolytes for chaperone activity.
Use of recombinant proteins as therapeutics has become an attractive strategy for altering the biology of disease progression and offers significant commercial opportunities.
M2 EQUITYBITES-April 16, 2014-Bio-Techne to buy recombinant proteins maker Shanghai PrimeGene
1 November 2013 - US recombinant proteins and assay kits maker BPS Bioscience Inc said yesterday it had introduced recombinant proteins, assay kits and screening/profiling services for Programmed Cell Death Protein 1 (PD-1) and its ligands (PD-L), PD-L1 and PD-L2.
The cloning of animals, stem cell therapies and transplantation by the Iranian stem cell transplantation research centers and production of a few recombinant proteins by the Iranian biotech companies and academic institutes is clearly positive for the development of advanced technologies in the field of medical biotechnology.
Researchers set out laboratory procedures step-by-step for such activities as saturating the secretory pathway by over-expressing a hookworm protein, and the heavy labeling of recombinant proteins.
Because these proteins are recombinant proteins, mutations which increase cytotoxicity can be engineered.
The launch of the EX-CELL EBx technology platform marks a major breakthrough in the commercial production of viral vaccines and recombinant proteins," said Rod Kelley, president of SAFC Biosciences.

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