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a. Withdrawal from one's occupation or position, especially upon reaching a certain age.
b. The age at which one withdraws from work or activity: On reaching retirement, he took up woodworking.
2. The act of retiring or the state of being retired: the retirement of debt.
3. Privacy or seclusion: in the retirement of your own home.
4. Archaic A place of privacy or seclusion; a retreat.


1. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms)
a. the act of retiring from one's work, office, etc
b. (as modifier): retirement age.
2. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) the period of being retired from work: she had many plans for her retirement.
3. seclusion from the world; privacy
4. the act of going away or retreating


(rɪˈtaɪər mənt)

1. the act of retiring or the state of being retired.
2. removal or withdrawal from an office or active service.
3. privacy or seclusion.
4. a private or secluded place.


An operation in which a force out of contact moves away from the enemy.



apply for Chiltern Hundreds To resign from office; to abandon one’s position or responsibility. This British expression alludes to the method used by an M.P. who wishes to resign before his term of office has expired, a forbidden practice. Also forbidden is the holding of paid office under the Crown while a member of Parliament. Consequently, the M.P. who wishes to resign applies for the Stewardship of the Chiltern Hundreds, a no longer extant Crown appointment. On receiving the appointment, he is forced to relinquish his seat in Parliament. Having done so, he at once resigns his Stewardship as well, thus leaving the fictitious post vacant for the next M.P. in need of the ploy.

hang up one’s hatchet To quit working, to take a rest or break from one’s work. The allusion is probably to a wood cutter or other person who uses a hatchet or ax in his trade and literally hangs it up when he stops working. This expression, no longer in use, dates as far back as 1327.

When thou hast well done hang up thy hatchet. (Richard Hills, Proverbs from the Common-Place Book, 1530)

put out to pasture Retired, put on the shelf, put away. The expression originally referred to animals, such as workhorses, which, due to old age or poor health, had outlived their usefulness to their owners and were turned out to pasture for the rest of their days. Today the phrase is more commonly applied to older persons who, for the same reasons, have supposedly outlived their usefulness to society and are no longer allowed to play an active role in the affairs of the working world. The implication is that they are not accorded the dignity of human beings but are treated as animals whose only worth is in their work.

swallow the anchor To end one’s seafaring days by obtaining an onshore job or retiring from a maritime occupation; to be released from service with the Navy. This expression, of obvious nautical derivation, was used by A. E. Marten, as cited in Webster’s Third:

[He] swallowed the anchor and stayed ashore.

The expression is occasionally extended to apply to retirement from any occupation.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.retirement - the state of being retired from one's business or occupationretirement - the state of being retired from one's business or occupation
status, position - the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society; "he had the status of a minor"; "the novel attained the status of a classic"; "atheists do not enjoy a favorable position in American life"
2.retirement - withdrawal from your position or occupation
ending, termination, conclusion - the act of ending something; "the termination of the agreement"
hibernation - the act of retiring into inactivity; "he emerged from his hibernation to make his first appearance in several years"
rustication - the action of retiring to and living in the country
3.retirement - withdrawal for prayer and study and meditation; "the religious retreat is a form of vacation activity"
withdrawal - the act of withdrawing; "the withdrawal of French troops from Vietnam"


1. stopping work, giving up work She'll soon be on her way to retirement.
2. retired years, post-work years financial help during retirement
3. withdrawal, retreat, privacy, loneliness, obscurity, solitude, seclusion retirement in the countryside


1. The act of secluding or the state of being secluded:
2. The moving back of a military force in the face of enemy attack or after a defeat:
تَقاعُدحَياة التَّقاعُد
odchod do důchodudůchod
nyugdíjas életnyugdíjazás
eftirlaunaárlausn frá starfi
odchod do dôchodku
emeklilikemekli olma
sự về hưu


A. N
1. (= state of being retired) → retiro m
to live in retirementvivir en el retiro
to spend one's retirement growing rosesdedicarse a cultivar rosas después de la jubilación
how will you spend your retirement?¿qué piensa hacer cuando se jubile?
2. (= act of retiring) (gen) → jubilación f (esp Mil) → retiro m
3. (Mil) (= withdrawal) → retirada f
B. CPD retirement age Nedad f de jubilación (Mil) → edad f de retiro
retirement benefit Nprestaciones fpl por jubilación
retirement pay, retirement pension Njubilación f (Mil) → retiro m


n (from work)retraite f
to take early retirement → prendre une retraite anticipée
modif [date, fund, scheme, village] → de retraite; [party] → de départ à la retraiteretirement age nâge m de la retraiteretirement benefit nindemnité f de départ en retraiteretirement home nmaison f de retraite


(= stopping work)Ausscheiden ntaus dem Arbeitsleben (form); (of civil servant, military officer)Pensionierung f; (of soldier)Verabschiedung f; retirement at 60/65Altersgrenze fbei 60/65; to announce one’s retirementsein Ausscheiden (aus seinem Beruf/seiner Stellung etc) ankündigen, sich pensionieren lassen wollen
(= period) how will you spend your retirement?was tun Sie, wenn Sie einmal nicht mehr arbeiten/wenn Sie pensioniert or im Ruhestand sind?; to come out of retirementwieder zurückkommen
(= seclusion)Zurückgezogenheit f; to live in retirementzurückgezogen leben
(Mil) → Rückzug m; (Sport) → Aufgabe f; (Ftbl, Rugby etc) → Abgang mvom Spielfeld


retirement age
nRenten(eintritts)alter nt; (of civil servant)Pensionsalter nt; to reach retirementdas Renten(eintritts)alter/Pensionsalter erreichen
retirement benefit
nAltenhilfe f
retirement home
nSeniorenheim nt; (personal) → Alterswohnsitz m
retirement pay
nAltersrente f
retirement pension
nAltersruhegeld nt (form)


[rɪˈtaɪəmənt] n to look forward to one's retirementnon vedere l'ora di andare in pensione
on her retirement she hopes to ... → quando va in pensione spera di...
early retirement → prepensionamento


(riˈtaiə) verb
1. stop working permanently, usually because of age. He retired at the age of sixty-five.
2. to leave; to withdraw. When he doesn't want to talk to anyone, he retires to his room and locks the door; We retired to bed at midnight; The troops were forced to retire to a safer position.
reˈtired adjective
having stopped working. My father is retired now; a retired professor.
reˈtirement noun
1. the act of retiring from work. It is not long till his retirement.
2. a person's life after retiring from work. He's enjoying his retirement.
reˈtiring adjective
shy. a very quiet, retiring person.


تَقاعُد odchod do důchodu pension Ruhestand συνταξιοδότηση jubilación eläkevuodet retraite mirovina pensionamento 退職 퇴직 pensioen avgang przejście na emeryturę aposentadoria, reforma выход на пенсию pension การปลดเกษียณ emeklilik sự về hưu 退休
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