Besides Disease X, the seven other potential global disease threats each lacking an effective drug or vaccine includes Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF); Ebola virus disease and Marburg virus disease; Lassa fever; Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS); Nipah and henipaviral diseases Rift Valley fever
(RVF); and Zika.
Diseases such as cholera, meningitis, malaria and Rift Valley fever
will increasingly become a problem.
The other five lethal diseases mentioned on the list of needing urgent action include: Lassa fever, MERS, SARS, Nipah virus and Rift Valley fever
2005 -- Kuwait launches campaign against Rift Valley Fever
Vaccine trials on Rift valley fever
and foot and mouth disease are supposed to be going on, but because of the encroachment and obstruction, this work cannot go on," he said.
Anomalous High Rainfall and Soil Saturation as Combined Risk Indicator of Rift Valley Fever
Outbreaks, South Africa, 2008-2011
The 12 diseases identified as a priority by the UK Vaccine Network are chikungunya, Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever, ebola, hantavirus, lassa fever, Marburg virus, Middle East respiratory syndrome, nipah, plague, Q fever, Rift Valley fever
, and zika.
Protective immune responses induced by different recombinant vaccine regimes to Rift Valley fever
Among them are the sensory ecology of ant navigation: from natural environments to neural mechanisms, the genetic basis of pheromone evolution in moths, Antarctic entomology, remote sensing and reflectance profiling in entomology, the chemical ecology of Neuroptera, reproduction-immunity trade-offs in insects, hearing in insects, studying the complex communities of ants and their symbionts using ecological network analysis, the emerging mosquito-borne disease Rift Valley Fever
, and what plasticity can contribute to insect responses to climate change.
Noting that the signs and symptoms are similar to those of Rift Valley fever
and dengue, Al-Zahrani said symptoms include fever, rashes, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pains, malaise and headache.
None of the samples tested positive for Yellow fever, Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic Fever, Dengue Fever or Rift Valley fever
In Africa, the HF viruses belong to one of three families, namely the Arenaviridae (Lassa and Lujo viruses), Bunyaviridae (Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) and Rift Valley fever
(RVF) viruses) and Filoviridae (Ebola and Marburg viruses).