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Ro·ma·ni·a(rō-mā′nē-ə, -mān′yə) or Ru·ma·ni·a (ro͞o-)
A country of southeast Europe with a short coastline on the Black Sea. Originally a Roman province, the area was conquered from the 3rd to the 12th century by a succession of invaders, including Goths, Huns, Magyars, and Mongols. In the 13th century two principalities, Moldavia and Wallachia, emerged, becoming vassal states within the Ottoman Empire and eventually Russian protectorates. They were united in 1862 and became independent in 1878. The rise of fascism in the 1930s led to the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of a dictatorship in 1940. Following Romania's surrender to the USSR during World War II, the country was declared (1947) a communist republic, which was overthrown in 1989 with army-supported countrywide revolts. Bucharest is the capital and the largest city.
(Placename) a republic in SE Europe, bordering on the Black Sea: united in 1861; became independent in 1878; Communist government set up in 1945; became a socialist republic in 1965; a more democratic regime was installed after a revolution in 1989; joined the EU in 2007. It consists chiefly of a great central arc of the Carpathian Mountains and Transylvanian Alps, with the plains of Walachia, Moldavia, and Dobriya on the south and east and the Pannonian Plain in the west Official language: Romanian. Religion: Romanian Orthodox (Christian) majority. Currency: leu. Capital: Bucharest Pop: 21 790 479 (2013 est). Area: 237 500 sq km (91 699 sq miles)
Ro•ma•ni•a(roʊˈmeɪ ni ə, -ˈmeɪn yə)
a republic in SE Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. 22,334,312; 91,699 sq. mi. (237,500 sq. km). Cap.: Bucharest.Romanian, Ro•mâ•nia (rɔˈmʌ nyɑ)
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|Noun||1.||Romania - a republic in southeastern Europe with a short coastline on the Black Sea|
Brasov - a city in central Romania in the foothills of the Transylvanian Alps
Bucharest, Bucharesti, Bucuresti, capital of Romania - national capital and largest city of Romania in southeastern Romania
Constantina - a Romanian resort city on the Black Sea
Carpathian Mountains, Carpathians - a mountain range in central Europe that extends from Slovakia and southern Poland southeastward through western Ukraine to northeastern Romania; a popular resort area
Danau, Danube, Danube River - the 2nd longest European river (after the Volga); flows from southwestern Germany to the Black Sea; "Vienna, Budapest, and Belgrade are on the banks of the Danube"
Europe - the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles
Transylvanian Alps - a range of the southern Carpathian Mountains extending across central Romania
n → Rumänien nt