She treats later operas as brilliant meditations on Russia's troubled past, in which the forgotten empresses pop up again, Naroditskaya argues, in the guise of cruel witches, rusalkas, and one ancient card sharp countess.
Naroditskayas conclusion--that the rusalkas, naiads, and witches who pop up in the 19th-century operas are embodiments of the earlier queens--is both stimulating and impossible to prove.
There are indeed very many rusaUta operas by iiineteenth-century Russian composers; and if you generalize from rusalkas
to powerful supernatural females in general, the number multiplies further; if you add powerful exotic women the number grows even higher; and if you add exotic historical women you end up with practically the whole repertoire in your list (including The Love for Three Oranges, by the way, with its spell-casting Fata Morgana and even the titular oranges, which contain magical princesses).
In any case, there is no Czech copyright on rusalkas
, water nymphs and willow the wisps are a primeval part of human mythology.
As an agglomeration, the papers cover a wide spectrum of analytical and biographical matters, though individually they tend to focus on single works: a full five papers are devoted to Rusalka
(topic of a special "interdisciplinary" session concerned more with the libretto than the music); another nine choose individual chamber, orchestral, choral, or operatic works as themes.