Russia


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Russia

Rus·sia

 (rŭsh′ə)
1. A former empire of eastern Europe and northern Asia. From a collection of mostly Slavic principalities dominated by the Tatars, Russia emerged as a unified state centered around Moscow between the 14th and 16th centuries. The empire spread quickly to the east and south, becoming a world power by the 18th century. In the 19th century, Russia experienced a flowering of the arts and literature and some liberal social reforms, but popular discontent with the conservative Tsarist government led to revolutions in 1905 and 1917, the collapse of the empire, and the formation of the USSR in 1922.
2. Officially Russian Federation A country of eastern Europe and northern Asia stretching from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean. Formerly the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, the largest of the constituent republics of the USSR, it became an independent state in 1991 with Boris Yeltsin as the country's first directly elected president. In that same year, with Belarus and Ukraine, Russia formed the Commonwealth of Independent States, which was eventually joined by 12 of the 15 former Soviet republics. In March 1992 Russia signed a treaty with most of the semiautonomous ethnic territories within its borders, establishing the Russian Federation. Moscow is the capital.

Russia

(ˈrʌʃə)
n
1. (Placename) the largest country in the world, covering N Eurasia and bordering on the Pacific and Arctic Oceans and the Baltic, Black, and Caspian Seas: originating from the principality of Muscovy in the 17th century, it expanded to become the Russian Empire; the Tsar was overthrown in 1917 and the Communist Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic was created; this merged with neighbouring Soviet Republics in 1922 to form the Soviet Union; on the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991 the Russian Federation was established as an independent state; Russia's annexation of the Ukrainian region of Crimea in 2014 has not been internationally recognized. Official language: Russian. Religion: nonreligious and Russian orthodox Christian. Currency: rouble. Capital: Moscow. Pop: 142 500 482 (2013 est). Area: 17 074 984 sq km (6 592 658 sq miles)
2. (Historical Terms) another name for the Russian Empire
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) another name for the Russian Empire
4. (Placename) another name for the former Soviet Union
5. (Placename) another name for the former Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Russian name: Rossiya

Rus•sia

(ˈrʌʃ ə)

n.
1. Also called Russian Empire . Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703–1917).
4. a republic extending from E Europe to N and W Asia. 146,393,569; 6,592,849 sq. mi. (17,075,400 sq. km.). Cap: Moscow. Official name, Russian Federation. Also called Rus′sian Repub′lic. Formerly (1918–91), Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic.

Russia

See also communism.

one of those who conspired to overthrow Russian Czar Nicholas I in December, 1825. Also Dekebrist.
study of the policies, doctrines, programs, etc., of the government of the Soviet Union. — Kremlinologist, n.
something characteristic of or influenced by Russia, its people, customs, language, etc.
an obsession with Russia and things Russian.
great fondness for or interest in Russia, its people, customs, language, art, etc. — Russophile, n., adj.
Russophobia.
one who specializes in the study of Slavic languages, literatures, or other aspects of Slavic culture. Also Slavist.
enthusiasm for or admiration of things Slavic, as Slavic literature, language, culture, customs, etc. — Slavophil, Slavophile, n., adj.
fear or hatred of things Slavic, especially of real or imagined Soviet political influence. — Slavophobe, n. — Slavophobic, adj.
1. the soviet system of government and the principles and practices of such a government.
2. a policy, action, etc., typical of the Soviet Union. — Sovietist, sovietist, n., adj.
study of the Soviet Union, especially its government, policies, etc. — Sovietologist, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Russia - a former communist country in eastern Europe and northern AsiaRussia - a former communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia; established in 1922; included Russia and 14 other soviet socialist republics (Ukraine and Byelorussia and others); officially dissolved 31 December 1991
February Revolution, Russian Revolution - the revolution against the czarist government which led to the abdication of Nicholas II and the creation of a provisional government in March 1917
October Revolution, Russian Revolution - the coup d'etat by the Bolsheviks under Lenin in November 1917 that led to a period of civil war which ended in victory for the Bolsheviks in 1922
Russian - the Slavic language that is the official language of Russia
razbliuto - the sentimental feeling you have about someone you once loved but no longer do
pirogi, piroshki, pirozhki - small fruit or meat turnover baked or fried
kvass - fermented beverage resembling beer but made from rye or barley
kolkhoz - a collective farm owned by the communist state
Soviet Socialist Republic - one of the states that formerly made up the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (1922-1991)
Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, Soviet Russia, Russia - formerly the largest Soviet Socialist Republic in the USSR occupying eastern Europe and northern Asia
Caspian, Caspian Sea - a large saltwater lake between Iran and Russia fed by the Volga River; the largest inland body of water in the world
Eurasia - the land mass formed by the continents of Europe and Asia
steppe - extensive plain without trees (associated with eastern Russia and Siberia)
tovarich, tovarisch - a comrade (especially in Russian communism)
Isaac Stern, Stern - United States concert violinist (born in Russia in 1920)
balagan - a word for chaos or fiasco borrowed from modern Hebrew (where it is a loan word from Russian); "it was utter and complete balagan!"
svoboda - (Russia) freedom
2.Russia - formerly the largest Soviet Socialist Republic in the USSR occupying eastern Europe and northern AsiaRussia - formerly the largest Soviet Socialist Republic in the USSR occupying eastern Europe and northern Asia
Borodino - Napoleon defeated the Russians in 1812 in a pitched battle at a village in western Russia west of Moscow, but irreparably weakened his army
Russia, Soviet Union, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, USSR - a former communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia; established in 1922; included Russia and 14 other soviet socialist republics (Ukraine and Byelorussia and others); officially dissolved 31 December 1991
Eurasia - the land mass formed by the continents of Europe and Asia
Komi - a member of a Finnish people living in the northwestern Urals in Russia
Cheremis, Cheremiss, Mari - a member of a rural Finnish people living in eastern Russia
Inger, Ingerman, Ingrian - a member of western Finnish people formerly living in the Baltic province where Saint Petersburg was built
Mordva, Mordvin, Mordvinian - a member of the agricultural people living in the central Volga provinces of European Russia
Veps, Vepse, Vepsian - a member of a Finnish people of Russia
Mansi, Vogul - a member of a nomadic people of the northern Urals
Russian - a native or inhabitant of Russia
3.Russia - a former empire in eastern Europe and northern Asia created in the 14th century with Moscow as the capital; powerful in the 17th and 18th centuries under Peter the Great and Catherine the Great when Saint Petersburg was the capital; overthrown by revolution in 1917
Muscovy - a Russian principality in the 13th to 16th centuries; Moscow was the capital
Eurasia - the land mass formed by the continents of Europe and Asia
czar, tsar, tzar - a male monarch or emperor (especially of Russia prior to 1917)
Aleksandr Pavlovich, Alexander I, Czar Alexander I - the czar of Russia whose plans to liberalize the government of Russia were unrealized because of the wars with Napoleon (1777-1825)
Alexander II, Alexander the Liberator, Czar Alexander II - the son of Nicholas I who, as czar of Russia, introduced reforms that included limited emancipation of the serfs (1818-1881)
Alexander III, Czar Alexander III - son of Alexander II who was czar of Russia (1845-1894)
Czar Nicholas I, Nicholas I - czar of Russia from 1825 to 1855 who led Russia into the Crimean War (1796-1855)
4.Russia - a federation in northeastern Europe and northern AsiaRussia - a federation in northeastern Europe and northern Asia; formerly Soviet Russia; since 1991 an independent state
CIS, Commonwealth of Independent States - an alliance made up of states that had been Soviet Socialist Republics in the Soviet Union prior to its dissolution in Dec 1991
Foreign Intelligence Service, Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki, SVR - Russia's intelligence service responsible for foreign operations, intelligence-gathering and analysis, and the exchange of intelligence information; collaborates with other countries to oppose proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, terrorism and organized crime
Karelia - a region in Finland and Russia between the Gulf of Finland and the White Sea
capital of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian capital - a city of central European Russia; formerly capital of both the Soviet Union and Soviet Russia; since 1991 the capital of the Russian Federation
Astrakhan - a city in southwestern Russia on the delta of the Volga River
Cherepovets - a city of east central Russia to the north of Moscow
Chechen Republic, Chechenia, Chechnya - an autonomous republic in southwestern Russia in the northern Caucasus Mountains bordering on Georgia; declared independence from the USSR in 1991 but Russian troops invaded and continue to prosecute a relentless military campaign in the largely Muslim republic
Grozny, Groznyy - the capital of Chechnya in southwestern Russia; center of extensive oil fields
Kaluga - a city of central Russia to the south of Moscow
Khabarovsk - an administrative territory in Russia on the eastern coast of Siberia
Kursk - a city of southwestern Russia
Siberia - a vast Asian region of Russia; famous for long cold winters
European Russia - the part of Russia that is part of Europe
Gorkiy, Nizhni Novgorod, Nizhnyi Novgorod, Gorky, Gorki - an industrial city in the European part of Russia; birthplace of Maksim Gorky
Kazan - an industrial city in the European part of Russia
Leningrad, Peterburg, Petrograd, Saint Petersburg, St. Petersburg - a city in the European part of Russia; 2nd largest Russian city; located at the head of the Gulf of Finland; former capital of Russia
Murmansk - a port city in northwestern Russia on the Kola Peninsula; the largest city to the north of the Arctic Circle; an important supply line to Russia in World War I and World War II
Nalchik - a city in southwestern Russia in a valley of the Caucasus Mountains; an industrial center and health resort
Novgorod - a city in northwestern Russia on the Volkhov River; Russia's oldest city and an important trading center in the Middle Ages
Perm, Molotov - a city in the European part of Russia
Rostov, Rostov na Donu, Rostov on Don - a seaport on the Don River near the Sea of Azov in the European part of Russia
Saratov - an industrial city in the European part of Russia
Smolensk - a city in western Russia on the Dnieper River; scene of severe fighting in World War II
Ufa - a city in the European part of Russia
Stalingrad, Tsaritsyn, Volgograd - a city in the European part of Russia on the Volga; site of German defeat in World War II in the winter of 1942-43
Novosibirsk - a city in the Asian part of Russia on the Ob river; largest city in Siberia
Chelyabinsk - a city in the Asian part of Russia
Omsk - a city in the Asian part of Russia
Vladivostok - a seaport in the Asian part of Russia
Nova Zembla, Novaya Zemlya - two islands in the Arctic Ocean belonging to Russia; site of a test center for nuclear warheads
Kola Peninsula - a peninsula in northwestern Russia projecting eastward between the Barents Sea and the White Sea
Amur, Amur River, Heilong, Heilong Jiang - an Asian river between China and Russia; flows into the Sea of Okhotsk
Dnieper, Dnieper River - a river that rises in Russia near Smolensk and flowing south through Belarus and Ukraine to empty into the Black Sea
Don River, Don - a European river in southwestern Russia; flows into the Sea of Azov
Eurasia - the land mass formed by the continents of Europe and Asia
Ilmen, Lake Ilmen - a lake in northwestern Russia; drains through the Volkhov River into Lake Ladoga
Ladoga, Lake Ladoga - a lake in northwestern Russia to the north of St. Petersburg; the largest lake in Europe; drains through the Neva River into the Gulf of Finland
Lake Onega, Onega - lake in northwestern Russia near the border with Finland; second largest lake in Europe
Neva, Neva River - a river in northwestern Russia flowing generally west into the Gulf of Finland
Tien Shan, Tyan Shan - a major mountain range of central Asia; extends 1,500 miles
Translations
Rusland
Русия
Rusko
Rusland
Venemaa
Venäjä
Rusija
Oroszország
Rusia
Rússland
ロシア
러시아
RussiaRuthenia
Rusija
Krievija
Rusia
Rusko
Rusija
Ryssland
ประเทศรัสเซีย
Росія
nước Nga

Russia

[ˈrʌʃə] NRusia f

Russia

[ˈrʌʃə] nRussie f
in Russia → en Russie
to Russia → en Russie

Russia

nRussland nt

Russia

[ˈrʌʃə] nRussia

Russia

روسيا Rusko Rusland Russland Ρωσία Rusia Venäjä Russie Rusija Russia ロシア 러시아 Rusland Russland Rosja Rússia Россия Ryssland ประเทศรัสเซีย Rusya nước Nga 俄罗斯
References in classic literature ?
Russia seemed to me more remote than any other country-- farther away than China, almost as far as the North Pole.
In the place where he had come from there had not been any politics-- in Russia one thought of the government as an affliction like the lightning and the hail.
Next we have the pica heading, "News of the Day," under which the following facts are set forth: Prince Leopold is going on a visit to Vienna, six lines; Prince Arnulph is coming back from Russia, two lines; the Landtag will meet at ten o'clock in the morning and consider an election law, three lines and one word over; a city government item, five and one-half lines; prices of tickets to the proposed grand Charity Ball, twenty-three lines--for this one item occupies almost one-fourth of the entire first page; there is to be a wonderful Wagner concert in Frankfurt-on-the-Main, with an orchestra of one hundred and eight instruments, seven and one-half lines.
Could Tom, Dick and Harry call on the Cabinet of Russia and do that?
We went to Venice--to London, Paris, Russia, India, China, Japan--"
The climate affected his dye; it did very well in Russia, but it was no go here.
France is the brain of the world, as England is its heart, and Russia its fist.
Chichester Erskine, author of a tragedy entitled 'The Patriot Martyrs,' dedicated with enthusiastic devotion to the Spirit of Liberty and half a dozen famous upholders of that principle, and denouncing in forcible language the tyranny of the late Tsar of Russia, Bomba of Naples, and Napoleon the Third?
Reynolds, of Providence, who had bought five-eights of the British patent for five thousand dollars, and half the right to Russia, Spain, Portugal, and Italy for two thousand, five hundred dollars.
If we compare the wealth of the United Netherlands with that of Russia or Germany, or even of France, and if we at the same time compare the total value of the lands and the aggregate population of that contracted district with the total value of the lands and the aggregate population of the immense regions of either of the three last-mentioned countries, we shall at once discover that there is no comparison between the proportion of either of these two objects and that of the relative wealth of those nations.
The Abbe de Sponde, adroitly questioned when he left Saint-Leonard's to take his daily walk with the Abbe Couturier, replied with his usual kindliness that he expected the Vicomte de Troisville, a nobleman in the service of Russia during the Emigration, who was returning to Alencon to settle there.
But it is only the thin, fair people who go out of their minds in Russia.