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A country of east-central Africa. By the late 1700s, the region was the site of a Tutsi kingdom inhabited principally by Hutus. In 1890 it became part of German East Africa and later (1919) part of the Belgian League of Nations mandate of Ruanda-Urundi. Rwanda achieved independence from Belgium in 1962. In 1990 the country was invaded by the Rwandan Patriotic Front, a group largely composed of exiled Tutsis, which signed a peace agreement with the government in 1992. Ethnic fighting broke out again in 1994, and with the assassination of the president, the Hutu government initiated a campaign of genocide. It is estimated that 800,000 people were murdered before Tutsis seized control of the government one hundred days later. Many Rwandan Hutus fled to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, leading to ongoing conflict between the two countries. Kigali is the capital and largest city.

Rwan′dan adj. & n.


(Placename) a republic in central Africa: part of German East Africa from 1899 until 1917, when Belgium took over the administration; became a republic in 1961 after a Hutu revolt against the Tutsi (1959); fighting between the ethnic groups broke out repeatedly after independence, culminating in the genocide of Tutsis by Hutus in 1994. Official languages: Kinyarwanda, English, French, and Swahili. Religion: Roman Catholic, African Protestant, Muslim, and animist. Currency: Rwanda franc. Capital: Kigali. Pop: 12 012 589 (2013 est). Area: 26 338 sq km (10 169 sq miles). Former name (until 1962): Ruanda


(ruˈɑn də)

a republic in central Africa, E of the Democratic Republic of the Congo: formerly comprising the N part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urundi; became independent 1962. 8,154,933; 10,169 sq. mi. (26,338 sq. km). Cap.: Kigali.
Rwan′dan, adj., n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Rwanda - a landlocked republic in central AfricaRwanda - a landlocked republic in central Africa; formerly a German colony
ALIR, Army for the Liberation of Rwanda, FAR, Former Armed Forces, Interahamwe - a terrorist organization that seeks to overthrow the government dominated by Tutsi and to institute Hutu control again; "in 1999 ALIR guerrillas kidnapped and killed eight foreign tourists"
East Africa - a geographical area in eastern Africa
capital of Rwanda, Kigali - the national capital and largest city of Rwanda; located in central Rwanda
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Kivu, Lake Kivu - a lake in the mountains of central Africa between Congo and Rwanda
Hutu - a member of a Bantu people living in Rwanda and Burundi
Tutsi, Watusi, Watutsi - a member of a Bantu speaking people living in Rwanda and Burundi
Rwandan - a native or inhabitant of Rwanda


[rʊˈændə] NRuanda f


nRuanda nt
References in periodicals archive ?
Details of the two new financing programmes, a EUR 14 million credit line with the Development Bank of Rwanda and a USD 10 million lending programme managed locally by I&M Bank Rwanda, and accompanying technical assistance, were announced in Kigali earlier today.
Although this expected sustainable higher consumer spending will drive paints and coatings market trends in Rwanda, it is the construction sector, currently growing at 7 percent annually, which is likely to underpin growth much of the country's industry going into the future if the current public and private spending indicators are anything to go by.
The merged entity will have the largest customer base in Rwanda with 5.
This is the first credit in a programmatic series of three Development Policy Operations (DPOs) that lays out a consistent and incremental road map to enable fiscally sustainable expansion of electricity services in Rwanda.
Rwanda (4 points) and Guinea (3 points) were eliminated.
LEAF Pharmaceutical LLC, a global pharmaceutical company, announced yesterday that it has established LEAF Rwanda Ltd, a biotechnology company, headquartered in Kigali, Rwanda.
The facility will help strengthen and scale up support to critical sectors in Rwanda as well as support efforts to the realisation of the Government of Rwanda's development objectives under its "Vision 2020" that seeks to boost key priority sectors in Rwanda, and which will in turn provide broad-based economic development, employment opportunity and alleviate poverty.
The most prominent of these, the Rwanda Development Board (RDB), was established to simplify engagement and act as a one- stop shop at the beck and call of investors.
An impressive list of experts from the energy sector will address iPAD Rwanda taking place from 1-2 November in Kigali, Rwanda.
Tanzania's relations with Rwanda soured in 2013 following a disagreement between the two administrations.
The United States assists Rwanda in providing basic health services for the populace; expanding economic opportunities in rural areas, particularly through a strengthened agricultural production and food security program; protecting and promoting the country's unique biodiversity; strengthening democracy engagement between civil society and government; expanding access to electricity; and improving the foundational educational system and skills (literacy, numeracy, and workforce readiness) that prepare Rwandan youth for a modern service-based economy.
6 earthquake hit Rwanda at 3:25 am local time (0125 GMT), the United States Geological Survey reported.