I was born in the early 60s and have clear early memories of growing up during the Cold War with regular news of NATO exercises across the North German Plain, the importance of protecting the Fulda Gap which was considered one of the main routes for any invading Soviet tank attack on West Germany from Eastern Europe, and of course the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks between America and Russia, know as SALT 1 and SALT II
President Ronald Reagan called the SALT II
arms control treaty"fatally flawed," yet he found a way to live with it as part of a strategy that used an arms buildup to pressure the Soviets.
And in the news headlines, McDonald's introduced the first Happy Meal in their restaurants (which hadn't reached the North East yet); Pope John Paul II returned for his first official visit to his native Poland; and America and Russia signed the SALT II
nuclear agreement in Vienna.
He managed to delay implementation of the SALT II
arms treaty in 1979 by raising objections to Soviet behaviour in Vietnam, Africa and Cuba; and when the Soviets went into Afghanistan late that year, "SALT disappeared from the US-Soviet agenda," as he noted in a memoir four years later.
1 Brezhnev and Carter signed the SALT II
arms limitation treaty 2 The Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Iran after more than 14 years of exile 3 Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister for the first time 4 Sid Vicious and John Wayne died impossipuzzles When Jane was old as Ruth will be when Jane is a year older than Ruth will be when Jane is twice as old as Ruth is now, Ruth was just a third as old as Jane will be when Ruth is as old as Jane is now.
The cornerstone of arms control in the 1970s was the SALT II
Selex ES s Miysis Directed Infrared Countermeasure (DIRCM) system was successfully demonstrated as part of the SALT II
(Surface-to-Air Launch Trial II) live-fire trial hosted by FMV at Vidsel in Sweden.
Brezhnev signed the SALT II
strategic arms limitation treaty in Vienna.
On his watch, the United States and China normalized relations, SALT II
was signed, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan, and the hostage rescue attempt in Iran failed.
Significant foreign policy accomplishments of Carter's administration included the Panama Canal treaties, the Camp David Accords, the treaty of peace between Egypt and Israel, the SALT II
treaty with the Soviet Union, and the establishment of US diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.
The authors venerate President Carter for his success with the Panama Canal Treaty, the Camp David Accords, SALT II
(never ratified), and the strengthening of ties with China, but then blame bad luck rather than indecisiveness with Carter's failure to control the Iranian hostage crisis.
Drawing on the diary he kept during the period, Kissinger discusses the Watergate scandal and Nixon's resignation, Middle East diplomacy, the oil crisis, revolution in South America, the SALT II
negotiations, and the opening of relations with China.