Sadducee


Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Sadducee: Sanhedrin, Pharisee, Syndics

Sad·du·cee

 (săj′ə-sē′, săd′yə-)
n.
A member of a priestly, aristocratic Jewish sect founded in the second century bc that accepted only the written Mosaic law and that ceased to exist after the destruction of the Temple in ad 70.

[Middle English Saducee, from Old English Sadducēas, Sadducees, from Late Latin Sadducaeī, from Greek Saddoukaioi, from Mishnaic Hebrew ṣədûqî, after ṣādôq, Zadok, high priest in the time of David and Solomon, from ṣādôq, just, righteous, from ṣādaq, to be just; see ṣdq in Semitic roots.]

Sad′du·ce′an (-sē′ən) adj.
Sad′du·cee′ism n.

Sadducee

(ˈsædjʊˌsiː)
n
(Judaism) Judaism a member of an ancient Jewish sect that was opposed to the Pharisees, denying the resurrection of the dead, the existence of angels, and the validity of oral tradition
[Old English saddūcēas, via Latin and Greek from Late Hebrew sāddūqi, probably from Sadoq Zadok, high priest and supposed founder of the sect]
ˌSadduˈcean adj
ˈSadduˌceeism n

Sad•du•cee

(ˈsædʒ əˌsi, ˈsæd yə-)

n.
a member of an ancient Jewish sect, consisting mainly of priests and aristocrats, that differed from the Pharisees esp. in its literal interpretation of the Bible and its rejection of oral laws and traditions.
[before 1000; Middle English sadducees (pl.), Old English saddūcēas < Late Latin saddūcaeī < Greek saddoukaîoi < Hebrew ṣədhūqī adherent of Zadok]
Sad`du•ce′an, adj.
Sad`du•cee′ism, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Sadducee - a member of an ancient Jewish sect around the time of Jesus; opposed to the Pharisees
Jew, Hebrew, Israelite - a person belonging to the worldwide group claiming descent from Jacob (or converted to it) and connected by cultural or religious ties
Translations

Sadducee

nSadduzäer m
References in classic literature ?
I was quite drawn out to speak to him; I hardly know how, for I had always thought of him as a worldly Sadducee.
Dreams, Rebecca, dreams,'' answered the Templar; ``idle visions, rejected by the wisdom of your own wiser Sadducees.
In the context of claims for Essene, Sadducee, and even Zealot authorship of the scrolls, Talmon suggests that the real value of these manuscripts is the (dim) light they throw on the `conceptual universe of Judaism and the social history of the late Second Temple period' (p.
The court of [Pontius] Pilate and the court of [Joseph] Caifas (the high priests of the Sadducee court who put Jesus on trial, according to the Bible), and public opinion where people shouted that he should be crucified," Castro said.
Chapter 7 further supports this thesis, arguing that the Babylonian Talmud's hostility to Sadducees is motivated not by the presence of Sadducee-like groups within [their] midst, but more likely by .
They had never heard of such a thing at a synagogue, and they were eager to ask all the questions they had stored up on Jesus in his Jewish setting as well as in his Christian context: Jesus as a first-century rabbi, perhaps a Pharisee of the liberal wing of the movement; Jesus as a prophetic spokesperson for the God of Israel, seeking to call Jews back from an emphasis on ritual and human-made custom to the spiritual and ethical essence of the faith; Jesus as a popular preacher/ healer/teacher among the people who threatened the entrenched power of the Temple's Sadducee elite and the Roman occupiers.
To Caiaphas' obstinacy in calling for the crucifixion (that collaborator Sadducee who did not in fact represent the Jewish people, but, rather was detested by them; the Talmud reserves terrible words for him and for his father-in-law Annas), more than abundant counterbalance is made by the unheard-of sadism of the Roman executioners.
On the other hand, it is difficult to imagine even a first-century Sadducee denying the existence of ultimate truth.
Hyrcanus had become a Sadducee in spirit -- upper-class, conservative, worldly, agnostic, and urbane.
Since all the priests claimed descent from Aaron, and the leading Sadducee, the High Priest, held Aaron's office, we would expect that this party would make every attempt to glorify their presumed progenitor.
The term Sadducee, on the other hand, is hardly perjorative.
The problem is that Jesus was neither a Sadducee nor a Pharisee, neither a conservative nor a liberal.