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 (sä′lə-fĭz′əm, sə-lä′fĭz′əm)
A school of Sunni Islam that condemns theological innovation and advocates strict adherence to shari'a and to the social structures existing in the earliest days of Islam.

[From Salafi.]

Sa′la·fist adj. & n.
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Noun1.Salafism - a militant group of extremist Sunnis who believe themselves the only correct interpreters of the Koran and consider moderate Muslims to be infidels; seek to convert all Muslims and to insure that its own fundamentalist version of Islam will dominate the world
Mohammedanism, Muhammadanism, Muslimism, Islam, Islamism - the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran; "Islam is a complete way of life, not a Sunday religion"; "the term Muhammadanism is offensive to Muslims who believe that Allah, not Muhammad, founded their religion"
References in periodicals archive ?
2007, "The Islamic Traditions of Wahhabism and Salafiyya," Congressional Research Service RS21432 (January), pp.
Ayman el-Zawahri's brother is now the uncontested leader of Salafiyya Jihadiya (Salafist champions of the holy war) accused of fighting the Egyptian army in Sinai after the revolution.
tashbih, orientations) (54); in Ibn Taymiyya's works, adherence to the path of al-salaf al-salih is a major theme; more recently, the Salafiyya School in Egypt was pioneered by Muhammad Abduh (d.
Ibrahim Mohamed Ali, editor of the weekly Salafiyya, and Asrat Wedajo, former editor of the now-defunct weekly Seife Nebelbal, were given one-year sentences on charges of publishing stories in 2004 and 2007-regarded as sensitive.
Islamic activists who espouse violence: 1) the jihadi Salafiyya, "composed of people of a Salafi outlook who have been radicalized and have abandoned the non-violent activism of the da'wa [religious call] to enlist in the armed jihad," 2) the followers of Sayyid Qutb (1906-66), "initially disposed to wage jihad against 'the nearer enemy,' that is, local regimes, denounced as impious (kufr), notably in Egypt, before deploying to the global jihad against the 'further enemy,' namely Israel and the West, notably the United States," and 3) Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda network, "a synthesis of jihadi-Salafi and Qutbist elements" (p.
In any event, among many practicing Muslims the preferred term is salafiyya, derived from the word salaf (pious tradition), (25) but Choueiri finds it also a contested concept.
This tendency had its roots in the 19th-century Salafiyya ideological movement, which called for a return to the supposed pristine origins of early Islam.
220) Apparently Osama bin Laden was greatly influenced by Sayyid Qutb, a religious leader who espoused Salafiyya, the central doctrine of Wahhabishm, a "highly regressive monolithic interpretation of Islam.