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Related to Samarkand: Khiva
Sam·ar·kandor Sam·ar·qand (săm′ər-kănd′)
A city of southern Uzbekistan southwest of Tashkent. Dating from the seventh century bc, the city was conquered by Alexander the Great in 329, taken by the Arabs in the eighth century ad, and destroyed by Genghis Khan c. 1220. It was rebuilt as a fabled center of great splendor and opulence when it became (c. 1370) the capital of Tamerlane's empire.
Samarkand(ˈsæməˌkænd; Russian səmarˈkant)
(Placename) a city in E Uzbekistan: under Tamerlane it became the chief economic and cultural centre of central Asia, on trade routes from China and India (the "silk road"). Pop: 289 000 (2005 est). Ancient name: Maracanda
a city in SE Uzbekistan: taken by Alexander the Great 329 B.C.; Tamerlane's capital in the 14th century. 388,000.Ancient, Maracanda.